Daily : October 4, 2017

Government to hold Pan India Handloom and Handicraft Camps

Pan India camps in handlooms and handicrafts clusters

Question: The Ministry of Textiles proposes to organize Pan India camps in handlooms and handicrafts clusters, under the initiative “Hastkala Sahyog Shivir” during 7th October to 17th October, 2017. This initiative is dedicated to-
(a) Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Garib Kalyan Varsh
(b) Guruji Golwalkar Garib Kalyan Varsh
(c) Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Garib Kalyan Varsh
(d) Atal Garib Kalyan Varsh
Answer: (c)
Related facts:

  • The Ministry of Textiles proposes to organize Pan India camps in handlooms and handicrafts clusters, under the initiative “Hastkala Sahyog Shivir” during 7th October to 17th October, 2017.
  • This initiative is dedicated to Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Garib Kalyan Varsh, the birth centenary year of Pandit Deendayal Upadhayay.
  • The following services will be provided to the weavers and artisans in these camps:
    (a) Issuance of credit facilities through MUDRA scheme
    (b) Assistance for technological upgradation under Hathkargha Samvardhan Sahayata
    (c) Distribution of modern tool kits and equipments
    (d) Issuance of Yarn Pass Book
    (e) Enrollment under IGNOU/NIOS courses
    (f) Access to Common Service Centre facilities
    (g) Buyer-seller meets and expos
  • It is proposed to organize the camps in more than 200 handloom Block Level Clusters & Weavers’ Service Centres and more than 200 handicraft clusters in collaboration with State Governments.


Rural Games to take Place in Delhi

Rural sports festival be organized

Question: In the first stage, under the Rural Games or Grameen Khel Mahotsav, the games will not be held in-
(a) Alipur
(b) Mehrauli
(c) Palam
(d) Najafgarh
Answer: (c)
Related Facts:

  • On August 26th, 2017, Union Minister of Youth Affairs and Sports Minister shri Vijay Goel announced that the first edition of Rural Games or Grameen Khel Mahotsav will kick-start from Delhi.
  • It will be take place between 28th August to 3rd September, 2017.
  • The Rural Games are aimed to popularising the indigenous games like wrestling; athletics etc. and also have fun games like Matka Race, Tug of War for senior citizens to add the fun element in the games.
  • In the first stage, the games will be held in Alipur, Mehrauli, Nangloi, Najafgarh and Shahadara.
  • In the first stage 10000-12000 youngsters will participate.
  • The second stage will commence on 31st August till 01 September 2017 which will have inter-block games.
  • It is noteworthy that the sports talent search portal is also to be proposed to launch on 28th August, 2017.
  • The portal enables any person from across India to upload his information and as per that the Ministry will tap their talent and train them further in their respective disciplines.


The Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2017

2017 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

  • On 4th October, 2017 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 2017 to Jacques Dubochet , Switzerland, Joachim Frank, USA and Richard Henderson, UK.
  • They are awarded for developing cryo-electron microscopy for the high-resolution structure determination of biomolecules in solution.
  • Prize amount: 9 million Swedish krona, to be shared equally between the Laureates.

About their work

  • We may soon have detailed images of life’s complex machineries in atomic resolution.
  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 2017 is awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for the development of cryo-electron microscopy, which both simplifies and improves the imaging of biomolecules.
  • This method has moved biochemistry into a new era.
  • Electron microscopes were long believed to only be suitable for imaging dead matter, because the powerful electron beam destroys biological material.
  • But in 1990, Richard Henderson succeeded in using an electron microscope to generate a three-dimensional image of a protein at atomic resolution. This breakthrough proved the technology’s potential.
  • Joachim Frank made the technology generally applicable.
  • Between 1975 and 1986 he developed an image processing method in which the electron microscope’s fuzzy twodimensional images are analysed and merged to reveal a sharp three-dimensional structure.
  • Jacques Dubochet added water to electron microscopy.
  • Liquid water evaporates in the electron microscope’s vacuum, which makes the biomolecules collapse.
  • In the early 1980s, Dubochet succeeded in vitrifying water – he cooled water so rapidly that it solidified in its liquid form around a biological sample, allowing the biomolecules to retain their natural shape even in a vacuum.

About Nobel Prize in Chemistry

  • The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Awarded to 178 Nobel Laureates since 1901.
  • 1 person, Frederick Sanger, has been awarded the Chemistry Prize twice, in 1958 and in 1980.
  • 35 years was the age of the youngest Chemistry Laureate ever, Frédéric Joliot, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1935.


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