Daily : April 20, 2017
Question: On April 18th, 2017, ‘World Heritage Day’ was celebrated across the world. How many of India’s current sites are included in the World Heritage List?
- On April 18th, 2017, World Heritage Day or International Day for Monuments and Sites was celebrated across the world.
- The aim to celebrate this day is to enhance awareness of the importance of world heritage sites and to attract people’s attention to protect and conserve them.
- In 1982, the International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) based in France, announced April 18th as the “World Heritage Day”, approved by the General Assembly of UNESCO in 1983.
- Idea behind the International Day for Monuments and Sites or World Heritage Day was originated at a symposium organized by ICOMOS in Tunisia on April 18th, 1982.
- In present total 35 sites of India is included in the World Heritage list.
- Out of which 27 are of cultural category, 7 belong to natural and 1 is from mixed category.
Question: Recently, a comprehensive module for capacity building of Elected Women Representatives (EWRs) of Panchayats and a training program for Trainers of women panchayat leaders across the country is launched by the Minister of Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhi through a video conference. At which of the following places the programme was launched?
- On April 17th, 2017, Women and Child Development Minister Maneka Gandhi started a nation-wide training program for elected women representatives of panchayats from New Delhi.
- The training program is launched at Ranchi, Jharkhand through a video conference.
- The training program seeks to empower EWRs of panchayats by enhancing their capacity, capability and skill in governance and administration of villages.
- The program is launched by the Ministry of Women and Child Development in collaboration with the Ministry of Panchayati Raj.
- Under this programme women representatives will be trained at the grassroots level in various areas like engineering (building of roads, drains, latrines etc.), finance, social development, education, health, and environment among others.
- In the first phase, 40 master trainers of Jharkhand will be trained at the State institute of Rural Development, Ranchi..
- In the second phase, approximately 3000 EWRs will be trained by these master trainers in the three districts of Simdega, Pakur and Chatra of Jharkhand.
Question-Under the Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Bill, 2017, how much the limit of reservation has been set, by raising it, for the backward Muslims and Scheduled Tribes in the Telangana state?
(A) 4 percent and 6 percent
(B) 5 percent and 10 percent
(C) 12 percent and 10 percent
(D) 11 percent and 8 percent
- On April 16, 2017; the Backward Classes, Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Reservation Bill, 2017 was passed in the Legislative Assembly of Telangana State.
- Under this bill, the limit for reservation for backward (socially and economically backward) Muslims has been increased from 4 percent to 12 percent.
- Apart from this, reservation for Scheduled Tribes (in educational institutions and government jobs) has been increased from 6% to 10%.
- With the request to include in the 9th Schedule of the Constitution, this bill will be sent to the President’s approval.
- After the approval of the bill, the total reservation in this state has increased from 50 percent to 62 percent.
- It is important that 69 percent reservation in the state of Tamil Nadu is in place.
- It is notable that the Supreme Court has fixed the maximum reservation limit of 50 percent in the central and the states.