Daily : February 12, 2018

National Productivity day

National Productivity council

Question: In which year the National Productivity council was established to promote productivity culture in India?
(a) 1985
(b) 1958
(c) 1987
(d) 1978
Answer: (b)
Related Facts:

  • On February 12th, 2018, National Productivity Council is observing National Productivity Day.
  • National Productivity Week is also being celebrated 12th -18thFebruary.
  • It is the 60th Anniversary of the National Productivity Council and is being celebrated as Diamond Jubilee Year.
  • The NPC is national level organization to promote productivity culture in India established by the Ministry of Industry, Government of India in 1958.
  • The objective of NCP is stimulating and promoting productivity and quality consciousness across all sectors in the country.
  • “Industry 4.0 Leapfrog Opportunity for India “has been selected as the theme for the National Productivity Week -2018.
  • It is noteworthy that the first industrial revolution was triggered by water and steam power to move from human labour to mechanical manufacturing. The second industrial revolution built on electric power to create mass production.
  • The third used electronic and information technology to automate manufacturing.
  • Now Industry 4.0 or the fourth industrial revolution as it is called is emerging globally as a powerful force and is being called as the next industrial revolution.
  • Industry 4.0 would mean the convergence of real and virtual worlds-the next phase in bringing together conventional and modern technologies in manufacturing.
  • It is characterized by the increasing digitization and interconnection of products, value chains and business models.
  • Over its 59 years of existence, NPC has nearly 140 full time consultants on its roll possessing a wide repertoire of skill/ expertise and a network of 13 regional offices at all major State capitals/industrial centres with Corporate Headquarters in New Delhi.
  • NPC is a constituent of the Tokyo-based Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an Inter Governmental Body, of which the Government of India is a founder member.

Reference:
http://www.npcindia.gov.in/about-us/
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=176494

Healthy States, Progressive India

‘Healthy States, Progressive India’ report released by the NITI Aayog

Question- On 9th February, 2018, the NITI Aayog released a comprehensive health index report titled ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’. According to the report, which of the following states has been given top position in the overall levels of performance of big States?
(a) Punjab
(b) Kerala
(c) Tamil Nadu
(d) Karnataka
Answer: (b)
Related Facts:

  • On 9th February, 2018, the NITI Aayog released a comprehensive health index report titled ‘Healthy States, Progressive India’.
  • In this report, states and Union Territories have been kept in different categories on the basis of annual progress on health front and overall performance compared to each other.
  • The States are categorized on the basis of incremental Index score range: ‘Not Improved’ (incremental Index score<=0), ‘Least Improved’ (incremental Index score between 0.01 and 2), ‘Moderately Improved’ (incremental Index score between 2.01 and 4), ‘Most Improved’ (incremental Index score>4.0)
  • This report was jointly released by the Chief Executive Officer of the NITI Aayog, Amitabh Kant, Secretary of Health and Family Welfare Preeti Sudan and Junaid Kamal Ahmad, Country Director of world bank.
  • Technical Assistance to NITI Aayog was provided through the entire duration by The World Bank, along with authorship of this report.
  • The report states that States and Union Territories have been kept in three categories of larger, smaller and union territories.
  • The Health Index is a weighted composite index, which has three indicators of three different categories (domain) (a) health results (70 percent) (b) governance and information on major states and (c) major inputs and processes (18 percent) is based.
  • Kerala ranks on top in terms of overall performance.
  • Kerala is at the bottom in terms of incremental progress mainly as it had already achieved a low level of Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR) and Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR) and replacement level fertility, leaving limited space for any further improvements.
  • Kerala is followed by Punjab and Tamil Nadu as second and third respectively.
  • While Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh have been ranked in the top three states in terms of progress at the annual level.
  • Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh showed the maximum gains in improvement of health outcomes from base to reference year in indicators such as NMR, U5MR, full immunization coverage, institutional deliveries, and people living with HIV (PLHIV) on antiretroviral therapy (ART).
  • Among Smaller States, Mizoram (73.70) followed by Manipur (57.78) are the best overall performers.
  • In annual incremental performance, Manipur (up 7.18 points) and Goa (up 6.67 points) ranked the highest.
  • In the health sector and with overall performance, Lakshadweep’s performance in the Union Territories has been the best in case of the highest progress at the annual level.
  • The linking of the Health Index with incentives under the National Health Mission by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare underlines the importance of such an exercise. It re-emphasizes the move towards performance based financing for better outcomes.
  • The average number of days taken by the State to transfer money to the implementation agency ranged between 0 (Daman & Diu and Lakshadweep) and 287 (Telangana) days.

Reference:
http://niti.gov.in/writereaddata/files/Healthy-States-Progressive-India-Report.pdf

32nd Surajkund International Crafts Mela

32nd Surajkund International Crafts Mela

Question-Where the ’32 Surajkund International Crafts Mela’ is being organized in the middle of February, 2018?
(a) Gurgram
(b) Rewari
(c) Faridabad
(d) New Delhi
Answer: (c)
Related Facts:

  • From 2nd-18th February, 2018, ’32 Suraj Kund International Crafts Fair ‘ is being organized in Faridabad, Haryana.
  • The Mela is organized by the Surajkund Mela Authority & Haryana Tourism in collaboration with Union Ministries of Tourism, Textiles, Culture and External Affairs.
  • Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath inaugurated this fair.
  • The state of Uttar Pradesh has been chosen to be the Theme State.
  • At least 20 countries & all the states of India will be participating in the Mela.
  • Significantly, Surajkund International Crafts Fair is the largest craft fair in the world.
  • The Mela is the largest crafts fair in the world and indeed a custodian of the heritage crafts involving use of traditional skills that are fading away due to cheap machine made imitations, and a special section is earmarked for showcasing of these heritage crafts.
  • During this time, a MoU was signed for the transport of roadways buses between Haryana and Haryana Government.

Reference:
http://www.haryanatourism.gov.in/at-a-glance
http://www.uptourism.gov.in/article/inauguration-ceremony
http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ians/haryana-up-sign-agreement-for-reciprocal-state-transport-services-118020201303_1.html

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