Question: When did Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP)?
(a) 2 June
(b) 1 June
(c) 3 June
(d) 31 June
- On 1 June 2016 Prime Minister Narendra Modi released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP).
- This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.
- Following are the highlights of the NDMP:
I.The NDMP has been aligned broadly with the goals and priorities set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
II.The Vision of the Plan is to “Make India disaster resilient, achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and significantly decrease the losses of life, livelihoods, and assets – economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental – by maximizing the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities.
III.For each hazard, the approach used in this national plan incorporates the four priorities enunciated in the Sendai Framework into the planning framework for Disaster Risk Reduction under the following five Thematic Areas for Actions:
c.Investing in DRR – Structural Measures
d. Investing in DRR – Non-Structural Measures
IV.The Response part of the Plan has identified eighteen broad activities which have been arranged into a matrix to be served as a ready reckoner. It includes-
a.Early Warning, Maps, Satellite inputs, Information Dissemination
b. Evacuation of People and Animals
c.Search and Rescue of People and Animals
e.Drinking Water/ Dewatering Pumps/ Sanitation Facilities/ Public Health
f.Food & Essential Supplies
h.Housing and Temporary Shelters
l.Relief Logistics and Supply Chain Management
m.Disposal of Animal Carcasses
n.Fodder for livestock in scarcity-hit areas
o.Rehabilitation and Ensuring Safety of Livestock and other Animals, Veterinary Care
p.Data Collection and Management
V.The matrix has six thematic areas in which Central and State Governments have to take actions to strengthen disaster risk governance:
a.Mainstream and integrate DRR and Institutional Strengthening
c.Promote Participatory Approaches
d.Work with Elected Representatives
e.Grievance Redress Mechanism
f.Promote Quality Standards, Certifications, and Awards for Disaster Risk Management
VI.The National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.