Question: Mount Soputan volcano, which erupted on 16th December, 2018, is located in which of the following country?
- On 16th December, 2018; an active volcano Mount Soputan located in northern part of Sulawesi Island in Indonesia erupted spewing ash about 7.5 km high in the sky.
- Twice eruption of Mount Soputan in a day forced local residents to move to safe places. Prior to this, a massive earthquake of 7.5 and tsunami struck Sulawesi Island killing at least 1,948 people.
- Mount Soputan is one of the 129 active volcanoes of Indonesia. Kelud and Merapi are the most active volcanoes of Indonesia.
- Indonesia is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire making it highly proned to earthquakes and volcanoes.
- Pacific Ring of Fire:
- A large area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean is known as the Ring of Fire or circum-Pacific belt where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur.
- This area is stretched in horseshoe shape covering a distance of about 40,000 km (25,000 miles). In this zone more than 75% of the world’s active and dormant volcanoes are located.
- This belt is a zone of nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements.