Question: Recently, Montenegro became the 29th member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Which of the two countries were included in the alliance prior to the recent enlargement?
(a) Albania and Croatia
(b) Czech Republic and Poland
(c) Latvia and Lithuania
(d) Slovakia and Slovenia
- On June 5, 2017, Montenegro became the 29th member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) upon depositing its instrument of accession with the US State Department in Washington DC.
- Montenegro signed the Accession Protocol in May 2016, after which all 28 national parliaments voted to ratify Montenegro’s membership.
- Montenegro’s accession to the Alliance is NATO’s first enlargement since 1 April 2009, when Albania and Croatia joined the Alliance.
- NATO is an alliance of countries from Europe and North America. It provides a unique link between these two continents, enabling them to consult and cooperate in the field of defence and security, and conduct multinational crisis-management operations together.
- NATO is committed to the principle of collective defence enshrined in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty.
- Montenegro, which means “Black Mountain”, is south-east European country. Montenegro emerged as a sovereign state after more than 55% of the population opted for independence in a May 2006 referendum.
- The vote heralded the end of the former Union of Serbia and Montenegro, which itself was created only three years earlier out of the remnant of the former Yugoslavia.
- Dusko Markovic is the incumbent prime minister of Montenegro. Montenegro’s capital is Podgorica and currency -Euro.