Question: The Headquarter of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is at-
(b) New York
- On 19 November 2015 the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) was chosen for the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2015.
- This was announced by Indira Gandhi memorial trust secretary Suman Dubey.
- The decision in this regard was taken by the international jury of the prize, headed by Vice President of India Mohammad Hamid Ansari on the occasion of birth anniversary of Indira Gandhi.
- The UNHCR was chosen for the award in recognition of its immense contributions in assisting millions of refugees in their rehabilitation and resettlement.
- UN General Assembly established UNHCR on December 14, 1950 initially to help people displaced by World War II. In the decades that followed it became the principal agency that has helped displaced persons the world over.
- The Headquarter of UNHCR is in Geneva, Switzerland.
- UNHCR’S mission is to safeguard the rights and well-being of refugees and seek lasting solutions to their plight.
- It is also known by the name of the UN refugee agency. Antonio Guterres is currently the High Commissioner.
- It has won two Nobel Peace Prizes, first in 1954 and second in 1981.
- Since 1986, the prestigious Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development award accorded annually by Indira Gandhi Trust.
- The prize is accorded annually to individuals or organisations in recognition of creative efforts toward promoting international peace, development and a new international economic order, ensuring that scientific discoveries are used for the larger good of humanity, and enlarging the scope of freedom.
- The prize carries a cash award of 25 lakh and a citation.
- For 2014, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) had received the award.