Release of National Non-communicable Disease Monitoring Survey (NNMS)

Release of National Non-communicable Disease Monitoring Survey (NNMS)

Question: According to recently released National Non-communicable Disease Monitoring Survey (NNMS), conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research what per cent of adolescents (in the sample of 1700 adolescents) were overweight or obese?
a) 5%
b) 6.2%
c) 12%
d) 7%
Answer: (b)
Related Facts:

  • On 25 January, 2021; National Non-communicable Disease Monitoring Survey (NNMS) was released by Union Health Minister Harsh Vardhan.
  • Dr Vardhan launched this survey on the occasion of foundation day of Indian Council of medical Research (ICMR).
  • Dr Vardhan also released on this occasion the framework on use of telemedicine for cancer, diabetes, heart diseases and stroke.
  • According to the National Non-communicable Disease Monitoring Survey (NNMS), more than one in every four adults and 6.2 per cent adolescents were overweight or obese.
  • The survey also reported following facts about the adult people in the country:-

i. The consumption of fruits and vegetables among adults is inadequate and 98.4 per cent of those surveyed consuming less than five servings per day.
ii. More than two in five adults and one in four adolescents do insufficient physical activity.
iii. Three out of ten adults had raised blood pressure
iv. 9.3 per cent had raised blood glucose; average daily intake of salt was 8 gms.
v. Two in five adults had three or more risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs).
vi. One in every three adults and more than one-fourth proportion of surveyed men used any form of tobacco and consumed alcohol in past 12 months respectively.
vii. Among the surveyed population aged 30-69 years, the proportion who had ever undergone screening for oral cancer (men and women) were 1.7 per cent.
viii. Only 1.6 per cent women had been screened for breast cancer by clinical examination and 2.2 per cent for cervical cancer.
ix. Screening for cervical cancer in rural areas was three times lesser than urban areas.

  • The estimated sample size for the survey, conducted during 2017-18 by ICMR-National Centre for Disease Informatics and Research (NCDIR), Bengaluru, was 12,000 adults (18-69 years) and 1,700 adolescents (15-17 years).
  • The year 2020 brings back memories of gloom due to COVID-19.Dr. Vardhan shared his deep gratitude on behalf of the whole country to the scientists of ICMR for their immeasurable contribution in controlling the pandemic.

By – Rajesh Tripathi