Global Tuberculosis Report 2015

Global tuberculosis report 2015

Question: Which of the following statement is /are correct according to the Global Tuberculosis Report 2015 published by World Health Organisation?

(1) In 2014 about 1.5 million TB deaths are caused due to Tuberculosis.

(2) It is estimated that about 9.6 million people are suffering from TB worldwide in 2014.

Choose the correct option:

(a) Only (1) is correct
(b) Only (2) is correct
(c) Both (1) and (2) are correct
(d) Both (1) and (2) are incorrect

Ans (c)

Related facts:

  • World Health Organization (WHO) on 28 October 2015 released Global Tuberculosis (TB) Report 2015 in Washington.
  • Important points of the report are mentioned below:
  • By effective diagnosis and treatment of TB, 43 million lives saved between 2000 and 2015.
  • In 2014 about 1.5 million deaths are caused due to Tuberculosis.
  • This includes 8 lakh 90 thousands male, 4 lakh 80 thousands female and 1 lakh 40 thousands children.
  • This is to be noted that Tuberculosis and HIV are two most important causes of deaths across the world.
  • It is estimated that 9.6 million people were prone to TB worldwide in 2014.
  • This includes 4.5 million males, 3.2 million females and 1 million children.
  • In 2014 about 6 million new TB cases were reported to the World Health Organization.
  • In 2014 , 4 lakh 80 thousand people are found to have multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB).
  • World Health Assembly in May 2014 adopted the goal to end the global TB epidemic by implementing the “End TB Strategy” to reduce the number of TB deaths by 90% by 2030 compared with 2015 levels.
  • Of the 9.6 million new TB cases in 2014, 58% were in the South-East Asia and Western Pacific regions. The African Region had 28% of the world’s cases in 2014.
  • India, Indonesia and China had the largest number of cases: 23%, 10% and 10% of the global total, respectively.
  • In 2014, an estimated 190 000 people died of MDR-TB.
  • Globally, an estimated 3.3% of new TB cases and 20% of previously treated cases have MDR-TB
  • Estimated 69% of countries recommended using Xpert MTB/RIF as the initial diagnostic test for people at risk of drug-resistant TB.
  • In 2014 an estimated 1.2 million (12%) of the 9.6 million people who developed TB worldwide were HIV-positive.

Reference:

http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/

http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/gtbr2015_executive_summary.pdf?ua=1

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