Global TB report 2018

Global TB report 2018

Question-‘Global TB report’ is published by-
(a)World Health Organization.
(b)International Labour Organization.
(c)World Food Organization.
(d)None of the above.
Answer- (a)
Related facts-

  • Global TB Report 2018 is been published by World Health Organization (WHO) every year since 1997.
  • The main aim of the report is to provide a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic, and of progress in prevention, diagnosis and treatment of the disease at global, regional and country levels.
  • According to the report, among the 10 million people who developed tuberculosis in the year 2017, India accounted for 27 % of it.
  • India has highest number of people having tuberculosis among the top 30 high TB burden countries in the world.
  • Of these 10 million people who developed TB, 5.8 million are men, 3.2 million women and one million children.

About Tuberculosis-

  • Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that affects the lungs. It can also spread to other parts of the body, such as, Brain and Spine.
  • It can spread through air from person to person. It is an airborne pathogen.
  • There are two kind of tuberculosis-
  • Latent tuberculosis– In this type, bacteria remain in the body in an inactive state. They cause no symptoms and are not contagious. But they can become active.
  • Active tuberculosis– In this type, bacteria cause symptoms and can be transmitted to others.
  • Diagnosis of active TB is based on chest X-rays, as well as microscopic examination and culture of body fluids. Diagnosis of latent TB relies on the tuberculin skin test (TST) or blood tests.

References-

http://www.who.int/tb/publications/global_report/en/

http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/content/458665/global-tuberculosis-report-2018/

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tuberculosis

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