Question: In The Global Hunger Index (GHI) by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) in October 2015 India is ranked –
- On 12 October 2015 the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) released The Global Hunger Index-2015.
- Over the past year the index was prepared on the basis of three indicators Under Nourishment, Child Under Weight and Child Mortality Rate.
- In year 2015 GHI is based on four instead of three indicators that are Under Nourishment, Child Wasting, Child Stunning and child Mortality.
- This calculation results in GHI scores on a 100-point scale where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and 100 the worst.
- The theme of GHI-2015 report is “Armed Conflict and the Challenge of Hunger: Is an End in Sight?”.
- According to GHI-2015 report, from 2000 to 2015 global hunger is fallen by 27%.
- In year 2000 GHI score was 29.2 and it improved to 21.7 in year 2015.
- Despite being improvement in the state of hunger the world’s 79.5 crore people are still vulnerable to Starvation.
- The 2015 GHI has been calculated for 117 countries out of which 52 countries are facing serious or alarming levels of Hunger.
- In this year report, the lowest GHI score is given to Kuwait (score -5, first place) and two countries Saudi Arabia and Turkey, with 5.1 GHI scores have jointly bagged the second place.
- In global Hunger Index-2015 India is placed at 80th position while last year it was at 55th
- In GHI-2015 India found placed in serious category with score of 29.
- This year India got 15.2 points in under nourishment, 15.0 points in Child wasting, 38.8 points in Child stunning and 5.3 points in child mortality.
- Similar to the last year, This year also India has better condition as compared to Pakistan, (93rd place) While it has bad condition compared to Nepal (58th), Sri Lanka (69th) and Bangladesh (73rd) .
- According to the GHI-2015 report more than one in four children are affected by malnutrition-related stunting and 9 percent of children are affected by wasting.
- In terms of geographies GHI-2015 is: South Asia and Africa south of the Sahara continue to experience the highest levels of hunger, with 2015 GHI scores, at 32.2 and 29.4 respectively, putting them both in the “serious” category.
- In contrast, the GHI scores for East and Southeast Asia is 13.2, North Africa is 11.5 , Eastern Europe and some Independent states of commonwealth nations is 8.3 and Latin America and the Caribbean is 8.0 .