Question- What place has India got in the ‘Global Democracy Index 2017’ issued by the Economist Intelligence Unit of the UK’s Media Institute ‘The Economist’ Group?
- On January 31st, 2018, the ‘Global Democracy Index’ was released by the Economist Intelligence Unit of the UK’s Media Institute ‘The Economist Group’.
- This index, has been prepared on with groups of 60 signals in 165 independent countries and 2 regions (Territories), is based on the five scales – ‘Election Process and Pluralism’, ‘Freedom of citizens’, ‘System of Government’, ‘Political Participation’ and ‘Political Culture’.
- Norway topped the index.
- Iceland and Sweden remained second and third respectively.
- After this, New Zealand, Denmark, Ireland, Canada, Australia, Finland and Switzerland are among the top ten countries in the index.
- In the Global Democracy Index, India is ranked 42nd with 7.23 score.
- While last year, India was ranked 32nd with a score of 7.81 in this index.
- In the report, India has been included in the category of countries with defective democracies.
- In this year’s report, the freedom of the media has also been studied in different countries.
- According to the report the media in India is partly free.
- Accordingly, India has become, especially Chhattisgarh and Jammu and Kashmir, dangerous for the journalists.
- The administration has reduced the freedom of the media.
- Many newspapers have been closed and mobile internet services have been banned at a great deal.
- Many journalists have also been murdered in the year 2017.
- America, Japan, Italy, France, Israel Singapore and Hong Kong are also listed on the list of defective democracies.
- In the category of complete democracy, only 19 countries have been ranked.
- Pakistan 110th, Bangladesh 92th, Nepal 94th and Bhutan remained at the 99th place with the mixed arrangements.
- Countries like China, Myanmar, Russia and Vietnam are in the category of dictatorship system.
- North Korea is at the bottom 167th place and Syria is ranked 166th.
- The global index of democracy has dropped from 5.52 points in the year 2016 to 5.48 in 2017.