Question: Recently, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) published its report on Global assessment of forest Biodiversity; According to this report what was the percentage of forest wildlife populations on an average has declined since 1970?
- On 13 August, 2019; World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) published its report on Global assessment of forest Biodiversity.
- Zoological Society of London (ZSL) & The UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UNEP-WCMC) co-led the analysis and modeling for this report.
- The report, which has been published under the title Below the Canopy: Plotting Global Trends in Forest Wildlife Populations, is the first ever global assessment of forest diversity.
- According to this report the number of forest wildlife populations has declined on average by 53% since 1970 due to Habitat loss and degradation, over exploitation and Climate change.
- The report was based on Forest Specialist Index, which was developed based on the method for the Living Planet Index (LPI), an indicator of global biodiversity.
- Diferrent species numbering around of 455 including birds, mammals, reptiles and amphibians were monitored in this report.
- It is stated in the report that during 1970 to 2014 species declined at an annual rate of 1.7 %, on average and this resulted that only 268 species were available.
- In a bid to conserve nature, world leaders have agreed to launch a New Deal for Nature and People in 2020 in China.
Indications from the report:
- 60 % of threats accounted from Habitat loss.
- 40 out of 112 forest-dwelling primate populations threatened due to over exploitation.
- 43% amphibian creatures, 37 % of reptiles and 21 % of birds were threatened due to Climate change.
- It has also been indicated by the report that major decline is among mammals, reptiles, and amphibians (particularly from the tropical forests), it was less among birds, especially from temperate forests.