Question: Headquarter of WHO is situated in-
(a)New York (U.S.A.)
- In order to achieve its goal of universal sanitation coverage WHO has launched the first global guidelines on sanitation and health.
The new guidelines set out four principal recommendations:
- Sanitation interventions should ensure entire communities have access to toilets that safely contain excreta.
- The full sanitation system should be undergoing local health risk assessments to protect individuals and communities from exposure to excreta – whether this is from unsafe toilets, leaking storage or inadequate treatment.
- Sanitation should be integrated into regular local government-led planning and service provision to avert the higher costs associated with retrofitting sanitation and to ensure sustainability.
- The health sector should invest more and play a coordinating role in sanitation planning to protect public health.
- The World Health Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that is concerned with international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948, and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The WHO is a member of the United Nations Development Group.
- The constitution of the World Health Organization had been signed by 61 countries on 22 July 1946. As of 2016, the WHO has 194 member states: all of them Member States of the United Nations except for the Cook Islands and Niue.
- The WHO is responsible for the World Health Report, the worldwide World Health Survey, and World Health Day. The current Director-General of the WHO is Tedros Adhanom, who started his five-year term on 1 July 2017.