Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016

Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016’ Draft releases

Question: On 30 May 2016 the Minister of Women & Child Development, Maneka Sanjay Gandhi released the draft “Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016” in New Delhi. Consider the following statements related to this:
1. The draft was prepared by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
2. The Bill aims to create a strong legal, economic and social environment against trafficking of persons and related matters.
3. The proposed draft Bill aims to place dedicated institutional mechanisms at District, State and Central level.
4. It also envisages a designated Agency for the investigation of offences.
(a) Both 1 and 2 are true.
(b) 2,3 and 4 are true
(c) 1,2 and 3 are true
(d) All four are true
Ans:(d)
Related facts:

  • On 30 May 2016 the Minister of Women & Child Development Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi released the draft “Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016” in New Delhi.
  • The draft bill has been formulated through discussions with various stakeholders of the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • The Bill aims to create a strong legal, economic and social environment against trafficking of persons and related matters.
  • The draft Bill has taken into account the various aspects of trafficking and its punishments as defined in section 370- 373 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 .
  • It also aims to include other offences/ provisions which are not dealt with in any other law for the purpose of trafficking, such as
    (1) Penal provisions for the disclosure of identity of the victim of trafficking and witness
    (2) Use of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or alcohol for the purpose of trafficking.
    (3) Use of chemical substance or hormones for the purpose of exploitation.
  • The draft Bill has also taken into its ambit the ‘placement agencies’ by making mandatory for them to also register for the purposes of this Act.
  • The proposed draft Bill aims to place dedicated institutional mechanisms at District, State and Central level.
  • It also envisages a designated Agency for the investigation of offences.
  • It provides for Protection Homes and Special Homes for short term and long term rehabilitation support.
  • For speedy trial with a view to increase prosecution and to reduce the trauma faced by the victims, the proposed draft Bill provides for establishing Special Courts in each district and experienced Special Prosecutors.
  • Recovery of back wages and other monetary losses of the victim of trafficking is also proposed.
  • The draft Bill provides for mandatory reporting within 24 hours by a Police Officer, Public servant, any officer or employee of Protection Home or Special Home having custody of the victim of trafficking to the District Anti-Trafficking Committee or in case of child victim to the Child Welfare Committee.
  • For the effective implementation of the proposed Act and for the welfare and rehabilitation of the victims an Anti-Trafficking Fund will be created.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=145789
http://wcd.nic.in/sites/default/files/Draft%20Trafficking%20of%20persons%20Bill%202016.pdf

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