Spacecraft BepiColombo

Spacecraft BepiColombo

Question: Recently Spacecraft BepiColombo was sent to probe which planet?
(a)Jupiter
(b)Mercury
(c)Mars
(d)Uranus
Answer :(b)
Related facts:

  • An Ariane 5 Rocket was launched from French Guyana with an unmanned spacecraft BepiColombo which is carrying the two probes.
  • The European Space Agency (ESA) and the Japan aerospace exploration agency (JAXA) have successfully sent two probes on a joint mission to Mercury, the closest planet to Sun.




  • The spacecraft separated and went into orbit for the 7-year trip to Mercury.

Details of this Mission:

  • It is the first European mission to Mercury and the first to send two spacecraft to make complementary measurements of the planet and its environment at the same time.
  • The ESA-built Mercury Transfer Module (MTM) that will carry the orbiters to Mercury using a solar electric propulsion and gravity assist flybys.
  • The two orbiters are ESA’s Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO) and JAXA’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO).




  • The two orbiters will be able to operate some of their instruments during the cruise phase, to try and collect data at Venus.

Challenges before the Mission:

  • The mission will have to ensure a controlled fall.
  • The sun’s enormous gravity makes it difficult to place a spacecraft into a stable orbit around Mercury.

                                                                                                                                                             Anurag Kumar

Links:

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/missions/bepicolombo/in-depth/

https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/indias-longest-river-bridges-over-brahmaputra-elsewhere-5411869/

 

 

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