Earth Bio-Genome Project

Earth Bio genome project

Question: Consider the following statements regarding Earth Bio-Genome Project (EBP):

  1. This mission aims at sequencing and cataloguing the genome of all living eukaryotic organism only.
  2. Till date roughly 0.2% of total complex life forms have their genome sequenced.

Of the above which is/are correct?
(a)1 only
(b)2 only
(c)1 and 2 both
(d)None of the above
Answer: (c)
Related facts:

  • An ambitious mission, Earth Bio-Genome Project (EBP) was announced on 1st November, 2018: to map the entire genome of all animal, plant, fungus and protozoan on the earth.
  • Decade long process to map the genomes of about 1.5 million species will roughly cost $4.7 billion. Arguably the most ambitious proposal in the history of biology, will completely transform our scientific understanding of life on earth.

  • Till date only 3500 complex life forms, roughly 0.2% of total have their genome sequenced.
  • It will provide new resources to cope with the rapid loss of biodiversity and habitat changes that are primarily due to human activities and climate change.
  • UK’s Welcome Sanger Institute has taken the initiative to come forward to map 66,000 species in the UK. This institute was involved in the Human Genome Project.

By Ramayan Upadhyay


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