Question: The date announced for the launch of India`s second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2 is?
(a) 15th June, 2019
(b) 30th June, 2019
(c) 15th July, 2019
(d) 30th July, 2019
- On 12th June, 2019, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Chairman K. Sivan announced that Chandrayaan-2, India’s second Moon mission will be launched on 15th July, 2019.
- It will be launched by GSLV MkIII-M1 from Sriharikota.
- The soft landing of the Vikram lander of Chandrayaan-2 on the Moon’s surface is likely to be on 6th September, 2019.
- The most challenging task in the mission is of the soft landing on Moon`s surface. The soft-landing of lander on the Moon would be at a predetermined site.
- Gaganyaan 2 includes a lander and a rover for the first time in an Indian space mission.
- The spacecraft weighs 3.8 tonnes and consists of an orbiter, the Lander (Vikram) and the Rover (Pragyan).
- The mission costs ₹603 crore for the spacecraft system and the launcher, a GSLV-MKIII costs ₹375 crore.
- Tricolor will be painted on the lander and the rover while the wheels of rover will be imprinted with the Ashoka Chakra.
- Different scientific experiments will be done by instruments on the lander and the rover.
- GSLV MK-III will accommodate the orbiter and the lander as an integrated module. The rover would be kept inside the lander.
- After the launch into an earth-bound orbit by GSLV MK-III, the integrated module would reach the Moon orbit using the orbiter propulsion module, and subsequently, the lander would separate from the orbiter and soft-land at the predetermined site, close to the lunar South Pole.