Budapest convention

Question: Which of the following fields is related with Budapest convention?
(a) Conservation of migratory species and wild animals
(b) Global cybercrime
(c) Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal
(d) Sustainable development
Answer: (b)
Related facts:
  • A UN committee has passed a Russian-led resolution on a global cybercrime treaty, despite reservations that it could be used to justify shutting down civil society in repressive countries.
  • The resolution was sponsored by China, North Korea, Cuba, Nicaragua, Venezuela and Syria, among others, and will up an “Open Ended Working Group” to examine cybercrime.
  • The Russian proposal entitled “Countering the use of information and communications technologies for criminal purposes” passed in the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) Third Committee 88-58, with 34 absentations, on Monday.
  • The proposed treaty has been framed to serve as an alternative to the US-led Budapest Convention. As India’s domestic data laws continue to hang in the balance, the country has remained non-committal in the international arena, watching a clear cleavage with Russia and China on one side and the US and EU on the other.

Budapest convention:

  • The Convention on Cybercrime, also known as the Budapest Convention on Cybercrime or the Budapest Convention, is the first international treaty seeking to address Internet and computer crime by harmonizing national laws, improving investigative techniques, and increasing cooperation among nations.
  • It was drawn up by the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France, with the active participation of the Council of Europe’s observer states Canada, Japan, South Africa and the United States.
  • It is open for ratification even to states that are not members of the Council of Europe. As of September 2019, 64 states have ratified the convention.
  • The convention is the sole legally binding multilateral treaty that coordinates cybercrime investigations between nation-states and criminalises certain cybercrime conduct.

 Link:

https://indianexpress.com/article/india/on-global-cybercrime-india-votes-in-favour-of-russia-led-resolution-6130980/

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