Question: 2nd Global Conference on Primary Health Care was organized in which of the following country?
- On 25-26 October 2018, Global Conference on Primary Health Care held in Astana, Kazakhstan to renew a commitment to primary health care to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).
- The Conference was held at the Palace of Independence and was cohosted by the Government of Kazakhstan, WHO and UNICEF.
- Shri J P Nadda, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare led the Indian delegation. He emphasized that multi-sectoral action is a key to addressing social and environmental determinants. He also spoke on the theme of the conference: The future of Primary Health Care.
- The Conference took place at the 40thanniversary of the International Conference on Primary Health Care in Alma-Ata, Kazakhstan, at which the Declaration of Alma-Ata was issued.
Declaration of Alma-Ata:
- The Declaration of Alma-Atawas adopted at the International Conference on Primary Health Care (PHC), Almaty (formerly Alma-Ata), Kazakhstan (formerly Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic), 6–12 September 1978. It expressed the need for urgent action by all governments, all health and development workers, and the world community to protect and promote the health of all people. The primary health care approach has since then been accepted by member countries of the World Health Organization (WHO) as the key to achieving the goal of “Health For All” but only in developing countries at first. This applied to all other countries five years later
- The Declaration of Astana pledged in four key areas: (1) make bold political choices for health across all sectors; (2) build sustainable primary health care; (3) empower individuals and communities; and (4) align stakeholder support to national policies, strategies and plans.
THE ROLE OF PRIMARY HEALTH CARE:
- Primary health care (PHC) is on essential part of health care and its main principles are equity, health promotion and disease prevention, community participation, appropriate health technology and multi sect oral approach. Organizational and management key elements of PHC are strategic management, decentralization, coordination and development of strategic systems.
Importance and Implementation of Astana Declaration:
- The vision of Governments and societies to prioritize, promote and protect people’s health and well-being, at both population and individual levels, through strong health systems;
- Primary health care and health services that are high quality, safe, comprehensive, integrated, accessible, available and affordable for everyone and everywhere, provided with compassion, respect and dignity by health professionals who are well-trained, skilled, motivated and committed;
- Enabling and health-conducive environments in which individuals and communities are empowered and engaged in maintaining and enhancing their health and well-being; Partners and stakeholders aligned in providing effective support to national health policies, strategies and plans.
- UNICEF and WHO will assist governments and civil society to act in accordance with the Astana Declaration and to encourage them to support the movement. Both organizations will also assist countries to review the implementation of this Declaration in cooperation with other partners.