सामयिक विषय: Miscellaneous

ITALY-AMNESTY-DEMO

Law criminalizing torture

Question:Which of the following countries approved a long-awaited law criminalizing torture?
(a) France
(b) Italy
(c) Germany
(d) Britain
Answer- (b)
Related facts:

  • On July 5, 2017, Italy’s parliament approved a long-awaited law criminalizing torture.
  • Torture has been declared a crime under this law and introduction of the crime of torture into the penal code has been approved.
  • The motion was passed with 198 in favor, 104 abstaining, and 35 against, out of 337 law makers present.
  • Most members of the 630-member Lower House were absent.
  • This law makes torture punishable by four to ten years in prison.
  • Members of the security force, police, etc. will be punished by an integrated 12 year prison for the offence under the law.
  • In 1988, Italy ratified the United Nations Convention against Torture, which was adopted by the international community in 1984.s

Reference:

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-italy-torture-idUSKBN19Q2SQ
http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-07/06/c_136420765.htm
https://www.thelocal.it/20170706/torture-has-finally-been-criminalized-crime-legal-in-italy-parliament-un
http://www.cetusnews.com/news/Italy-passes-law-making-torture-a-crime–critics-say-full-of-holes.rJehaKpq4b.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Nations_Convention_against_Torture

Apatani tribe celebrates Dree Festival

Dree Festival

Question:‘Dree ‘festival is celebrated by which of the following tribes of Arunachal Pradesh?
(a) Dafla
(b) Khampti
(c) Apatani
(d) Galong
Answer- (c)
Related facts:

  • Dree festival celebration started in Arunachal Pradesh on July 5, 2017by the Apatanis tribe.
  • This is an agricultural festival.
  • The significance of the festivals is mainly to ensure better cultivation, protection of the grains from hailstone, storms, insects and wild animals and well being of villagers in general and their livestock.
  • During the Dree festival, five main deities are worshiped, these are; Tamù, Metẁ, Medvr, Mepiñ and Danyi.
  • On this occasion, grand events and festivals are organized by this community.
  • Traditional singing and dance are a part of this celebration.
  • Apatani tribe is inhabitant of a tranquil pine clad valley called Ziro at the core of Lower Subansiri District of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Dree ,Yapung, Myoko and Murung are the major festivals of Apatani.

Reference:

http://lowersubansiri.nic.in/html/apatanis.htm
http://www.ibtimes.co.in/apatani-tribe-celebrates-dree-festival-things-know-about-apatani-photos-733505

Assam to raise new force for rhino protection

Special Rhino Protection Force

Question: A new Special Rhino Protection Force is being set up by which of the following state governments?
(a) Assam
(b) Meghalaya
(c) Tripura
(d) Manipur
Answer: (a)
Related facts:-

  • On July 1st, 2017, a new Special Rhino Protection Force (SRPF) is being set up by the Assam Government for better protection of one horn Rhinoceros.
  • Recently, the Assam Government published advertisements for recruitment of 90 youth in this force.
  • After the initial selection, they will be given the necessary training.
  • The whole process is expected to be completed by August this year.
  • There will be 22 officers for the proposed force, who will be appointed on deputation for leading the force.

Related Links:-
https://www.northeasttoday.in/assam-to-raise-new-force-for-rhino-protection/
https://article.wn.com/view/2017/07/01/Assam_to_raise_new_force_for_rhino_protection/
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/environment/flora-fauna/assam-to-raise-new-force-for-rhino-protection/articleshow/59404759.cms
http://www.firstpost.com/india/centre-set-special-rhino-protection-force-assam-1700249.html

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