सामयिक विषय: Law & Justice
Question: The Supreme Court recently issued contempt of court notice against sitting Calcutta HC judge. What is the name of the High Court judge?
(a) C.S. Karnan
(b) Markandey Katju
(c) Dipak Mishra
(d) Ranjan Gogoi
- On 8th February, 2017, a seven-judge Bench of the senior most judges of the Supreme Court issued contempt of court notice against sitting Calcutta HC judge C.S. Karnan for impeding justice administration and bringing discredit to the judicial institution of the country by writing scurrilous letters about sitting and retired judges.
- The Bench, led by Chief Justice of India J.S. Khehar, ordered Justice Karnan to appear in person before it on February 13 to show cause to the court why contempt proceedings should not be taken against him.
- The Bench comprised Justices Dipak Misra, J. Chelameswar, Ranjan Gogoi, Madan B. Lokur, P.C. Ghose and Kurian Joseph.
- The Bench directed Justice Karnan to forthwith refrain from undertaking any judicial or administrative work and return all his official files to the Calcutta HC Registry.
- Supreme Court as the apex judiciary is empowered under Articles 129 read with its extraordinary powers under Article 142 (2) to punish a member of the High Court and subordinate judiciary for contempt.
- This is the first time in judicial history that Supreme Court has issued contempt notice to a sitting Calcutta High Court Judge.
Question: Number of Acts approved to be repealed in recent cabinet decision is …
- On 18th January, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi gave approval for introduction of the Repealing and Amending Bill, 2017 to repeal 105 Acts.
- A two Members Committee constituted by the PMO, the Law Commission of India and the Legislative Department identified 1824 redundant and obsolete Central Acts for repeal.
- After careful examination and consultation with various Ministries/Departments in the Government of India, four Acts have been enacted to repeal 1175 Central Acts (during the period May, 2014 to August, 2016) by Parliament which are –
- The Repealing and Amending Act, 2015 (17 of 2015) repealing 35 Acts; The Repealing and Amending (Second) Act, 2015 (19 of 2015) repealing 90 Acts;
- The Appropriation Acts (Repeal) Act, 2016 (22 of 2016) repealing 756;
- Appropriation Acts including Appropriation (Railways) Acts;
- The Repealing and Amending Act, 2016 (23 of 2016) repealing 294 Acts.
- Out of the aforesaid 1824 Acts, 227 Acts (including Appropriation Acts enacted by Parliament for the States under President’s Rule) are identified to be repealed by State Governments have been requested to take necessary action to repeal them.
- A list of remaining 422 Central Acts was circulated among all the Ministries for their comments on repeal of Acts pertaining to their respective Ministries.
- Till date, 73 Ministries/Departments including Legislative Department have given their comments whereby they have agreed to repeal 105 Acts and disagreed to repeal about 139 Acts. On the basis of the comments/concurrence received from the Ministries/Departments, 105 Acts have been identified for repeal by this Department.
Question: According to the release made by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways the manufacturers of all kinds of motor vehicles will have to give detailed declaration about the emission and noise levels of the vehicle they have manufactured, this will be applicable from-
(a) 1 January 2017
(b) 1 April 2017
(c) 1 December 2016
(d) 1 March 2017
- According to the Ministry of Road Transport & Highways manufacturers of all kinds of motor vehicles as also E-rickshaws and E-carts will have to give detailed declaration about the emission and noise levels of the vehicle they have manufactured from 1 of April 2017.
- Ministry of Road Transport & Highways has amended Form 22 under the Central Motor Vehicles Act, 1989.
- Through which manufacturers provide the Initial Certificate of Compliance with Pollution Standards, Safety Standards of Components Quality and Road –Worthiness certificate for all vehicles.
- Earlier, Form 22 only certified that the vehicle in question complied with the provisions of the Motor Vehicles Act and rules there under, including the relevant emission norms – Bharat Stage I/II/III etc.
- From 1st April, 2017 however, the vehicle manufacturers will have to provide emission details for each vehicle in the revised Form 22.
- The Form will include the brand, chassis number, engine number (motor number, in case of battery operated vehicles) and emission norms – Bharat Stage – IV / VI /Bharat (Trem) Stage-III/III etc of the vehicle.
- The form also specify the levels of each pollutant like carbon monoxide, hydro carbon, non-methane HC, NOx, HC + NOx, PM etc for petrol and diesel vehicles and also sound level for horn and pass by noise values.
- The amended rules will apply to all vehicles run on petrol, CNG, LPG, electric, diesel and hybrid, including agricultural and construction vehicles, as well as E-rickshaws and E-carts.