सामयिक विषय: Short Notes

Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey

Kerala, Haryana top sanitation survey

Question:- In which of the following states access to toilets was lowest according to the Sanitation survey by Quality Council of India (QCI) during May and June 2017.
(a) Jharkhand
(b) Bihar
(c) Uttar Pradesh
(d) Haryana
Answer:-(b)
Related facts:-

  • On August 08, 2017, the Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation released the findings of the survey of 1.4 lakh rural households, undertaken by the Quality Council of India (QCI) during May and June 2017.
  • The survey covered 4626 villages across all States and Union territories. According to the survey 62.45% of the households had access to a toilet.
  • The survey also pointed that 91.29% of the people who had access to a toilet also used it.
  • The survey found that Haryana and Kerala had the maximum toilet coverage at 99%, followed by Sikkim at 97%. Access to toilets was lowest in Bihar at 30 %, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand at 37 %.
  • Northeastern States of Sikkim, Manipur and Nagaland were top performers with 95% rural households covered by toilets.

Resource links:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala-haryana-top-

Committee to make drugs more affordable

Committee to make drugs more affordable

Question: Drug Price Control Orders (DPCO) are issued by the Government in accordance with
(a) Essential Commodities Act, 1955
(b) Consumer Protection Act, 1986
(c) Drugs & Cosmetics Act, 1940
(d) None of the above
Ans: (a)
Related Fact :

  • On August 8, 2017, Minister of State for Chemicals and Fertilisers Mansukh L. Mandaviya informed the Lok Sabha that a committee of joint secretaries has been set up for ensuring enhanced affordability, availability and accessibility of drugs for the citizens.
  • The committee is designed to suggest ways to make pricing policy in favour of poor patients.
  • It will also suggest ways to make existing mechanisms for collection of market based data on prices of medicines more robust and stream lined.
  • The committee would also review the scope of Drugs (Price Control) Order 2013 (DPCO 2013) and suggest ways for strengthening the regulatory provisions of the order.

Resource links:
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/govt-forms-panel-to-make-drugs-more-affordable/article19450593.ece

Assam declared as 'disturbed' area for another month

Assam declared as ‘disturbed’ area for another month

Question:- Assam has been declared as ‘disturbed’ area for another month under …
(a) Armed Forces Special Power Act 1958
(b) The Code Of Criminal Procedure, 1973
(c) Civil Procedure Code, 1908
(d) None of the above.
Ans: (a)
Related Fact :

  • On August 7, 2017, the Central government extended the Armed Forces Special Powers Act,1958 declaring Assam as disturbed area for one more month (with effect from August 3 till August 31).
  • The Union Home Ministry also declared Meghalaya’s border areas adjoining Assam and three districts in Arunachal Pradesh as disturbed under the AFSPA for two more months effective from August 3.
  • The ministry said the 20 km belt in Meghalaya bordering Assam will also continue to be a “disturbed area” under the AFSPA
  • Notably, AFSPA has been continuing in Assam since November 1990. The latest extension is attributed to violent activities by insurgent groups like ULFA and NDFB.

Reference:
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/govt-declares-entire-assam-as-disturbed-area-under-afspa-for-another-month/story-xT2vgSgUkCUt2qAiNOzxYK.html

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