सामयिक विषय: Defense/Science Short Notes
Question: India successfully test-fired the Guided Pinaka rocket from Integrated Test Range (ITR) launch pad at which of the following place?
- On 12 January 2017; India on successfully test-fired the Guided Pinaka rocket from Integrated Test Range (ITR) launch pad at Chandipur in Odisha.
- This was the Mark-II version of Pinaka rocket was test fired from Launch Complex-III of the Integrated Test Range (ITR).
- The Guided Pinaka is a modified version of the Pinaka rocket, equipped with a navigation, guidance and control kit.
- This conversion has considerably enhanced the range and accuracy of Pinaka.
- The radars, electro-optical and telemetry systems at Chandipur tracked and monitored the vehicle all through the flight-path.
- The guided Pinaka has been combined developed by Pune-based Armament Research and Development Establishment (ARDE), Hyderabad-based Research Centre Imarat (RCI) and Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL).
Question: Khanderi, the second of Indian Navy’s Scorpene’ class stealth submarine was launched on 12th January, 2017. The Scorpene submarines are being progressed with transfer of Technology from …
a) M/s DCNS, France
b) Siebe Gorman, Britain
c) Achidatex, Isreal
d) None of the above
- On 12th January, 2017 Khanderi, the second of Indian Navy’s Scorpene’ class stealth submarine, was launched by Minister of state for Defence Dr Subhash Bhamre paving the way for her sea trials.
- As per the traditions of Indian Navy the submarine has been christened after her illustrious predecessor, an erstwhile ‘Foxtrot’ class submarine decommissioned in 1989.
- The construction of six Scorpene submarines is presently being progressed at Mazagon Dock Shipyard Limited under Project 75 with Transfer of Technology from M/s DCNS, France as the Collaborator.
- The first of the class submarine, Kalvari is presently undergoing sea trials and likely to be commissioned into Navy by Mid 2017. The submarine is expected to be delivered to Navy by the year end.
- These submarines would form the core of Navy’s conventional Submarine Arm after induction.
- The launching of Khanderi also marks a critical milestone event for the Shipyard which earlier has delivered two Shishumar class submarines in the 90’s and has now strengthened its position as a submarine building yard for Indian Navy.
- Started as a small dry dock facility for East India Company, MDL today has established itself as a forefront Defence Public Sector Undertaking, with indigenous construction of several ships and submarines for Navy such as P 15 B Destroyers and P 17 A class stealth Frigates being the latest.
- Indian Navy celebrates Golden Jubilee of the submarine arm in 2017. The induction of Project 75 submarines would mark the beginning of a new chapter in our submarine capabilities.
Question: Recently Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) has delivered ICGS AYUSH, the 20th Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) to the Indian Coast Guard. It will be operated from which of the following coast guard station?
(a) ICGS Karaikal
(b) ICGS Kakinada
(c) ICGS Nizampatnam
(d) ICGS Krishnapatnam
- On 30 December 2016; The Cochin Shipyard Limited (CSL) has delivered ICGS AYUSH, the 20th Fast Patrol Vessel (FPV) to the Indian Coast Guard.
- With this, CSL has completed construction of 20 FPVs for the Indian Coast Guard.
- It should be known that CSL was awarded the work of constructing 20 Fast Patrol Vessels for the Indian Coast Guard on 20th Oct 2010.
- CSL delivered the first vessel on 25th Sept 2013 and subsequently delivered vessels in about two months interval.
- CSL started delivering vessels ahead of schedule from the 13th vessel onwards.
- ICGS AYUSH, the 20th Fast Patrol Vessel, the last in the series (CSL Yard No BY 520).
- ICGS Ayush will be operated from the Coast Guard Station at Krishnapatnam.
- The Indian Coast Guard (ICG) protects India’s maritime interests and enforces maritime law, with jurisdiction over the territorial waters of India, including its contiguous zone and exclusive economic zone.
- The Indian Coast Guard was formally established on 18 August 1978 by the Coast Guard Act, 1978 of the Parliament of India as an independent Armed force of India.
- It operates under the Ministry of Defence.
- The Indian Coast Guard operates in following five regions:
1. Western Region (W)-Mumbai
2. Eastern Region (E)-Chennai
3. North-East Region (NE)-Kolkata
4. Andaman & Nicobar Region (A&N)-Port Blair
5. North-West Region (NW)-Gandhinagar
- Indian Coast guard is responsible for following work :
1. EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone) security
2. Coastal and Offshore Security
3. Marine Environment Protection
4. Scientific Support