सामयिक विषय: Defense/Science Short Notes

Launching of Viral Load test for People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV)

Question: Who amongst the following has recently launched viral load test for people with HIV / AIDS (PLHIV)?
(a) Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore
(b) Vinayya Naidu
(c) J.P. Nadda
(d) Anupriya Patel
Answer: (c)
Related Facts:

  • On February 26th, 2018 Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J.P. Nadda launched ‘Viral Load Test’ for HIV / AIDS sufferers (PLHIV) at a function organized in New Delhi.
  • This initiative will ensure the free viral load test of 1.2 million PLHIV treated in the country at least once in a year.
  • After ‘Treat All’, Viral Load Test is a major step towards the treatment and monitoring of people suffering from HIV.
  • On this occasion, the Health Minister informed that in the year 2017, India had modified the antiretroviral therapy (ART) treatment protocol.
  • So that ‘Treat all’ can be launched for all PLHIVIs with ART.
  • At present, about 12 lakh PLHVs are taking advantage of free treatment in more than 530 ART centers.



Question: Between which of the following two countries the Military joint training exercises ‘Garuda Shakti exercises ‘ is being organized between February 19th-March 4th, 2018?
India and Thailand
(b) India and Sri Lanka
(c) India and Russia
(d) India and Indonesia
Answer: (d)
Related Facts: 

  • On February 19th, 2018, 6th edition of the Annual Garuda Shakti exercises between the Special Forces of the Indian Army and the Indonesian Army was started at Bandung, Indonesia.
  • The joint exercises would be held till 04 March 2018.
  • E. Ambassador Pradeep Kumar Rawat, Ambassador of India to Indonesia, attended the opening ceremony and along with Major General TNI Surawahadi, DANPUSENINF, and Brigadier Joko Putranto, Chief of Staff, Division 1 Konstrad, inspected the guard of honour and addressed the participants from both the armies.
  • The 6th Edition of this Joint Exercise will include experience sharing in counter-terrorism operations, close quarter combat, and other areas of special operations.
  • This joint exercise between Indian and Indonesian Special Forces highlights the increasing trust and cooperation between the two Armies.
  • It is noteworthy that the fifth edition of this exercise was organized in India.
  • It is known that as a part of military diplomacy between the two countries, alternating joint training exercise ‘Garuda Shakti’ has been organized since 2012.


Successful Test of Dhanush ballistic Missile

Question:  On February 23rd, 2018, India successfully tested a nuclear capable Dhanush ballistic missile from a naval vessel near Odisha coast. It is a –
(a) Surface to Air Missile
(b) Air to Surface Missile
(c) Surface to Surface Missile
(d) Air to Air Missile
Answer: (c) 
Related Facts:

  • On February 23rd, 2018, India successfully tested a nuclear capable balloon ballistic missile from a naval vessel near Odisha coast.
  • This test was conducted by the Army’s Strategic Force Command (SFC) under regular user testing.
  • Dhanush, the India’s 350 km range Surface-to-Surface ballistic missile.
  • It is remarkable that the bow is the naval version of the surface-to-surface earth missile.
  • It is a single-phase, ballistic missile based on a ship-based, mini-range powered by liquid fuel.
  • During the trial, this missile came true on all the parameters of velocity, height and guidance.
  • During the test, radar systems were monitored on the entire projection path.
  • Developed under the ‘Integrated Guided Missile Development Program’ by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), the length of the Dhanush missile is 8.53 meters, diameter 0.9 meters and weighing 4.4 tonnes.
  • It is capable of carrying both traditional and nuclear weapons.
  • This 500 kg Capable of carrying a payload.
  • Dhanush is a missile that includes a platform (Dhanush) and a missile (arrow).
  • It has been included in the Indian Navy.
  • Earlier, it was successfully tested on November 2015.


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