सामयिक विषय: National

Uttar Pradesh Budget 2018-19

Uttar Pradesh budget, 2018-19

Question: On February 16th, 2018, Uttar Pradesh Finance Minister Rajesh Agrawal presented the budget for the financial year 2018-19. To what percentage of gross state domestic product in the present budget, the fiscal deficit is limited?
(a) 2.46 percent
(b) 2.96 percent
(c) 3 percent
(d) 1.46 percent
Answer: (b) 
Related Facts:

  • On February 16th, 2018, Uttar Pradesh Finance Minister Rajesh Agarwal presented the budget for the financial year 2018-19.
  • The proposed budget of4 lakh 28 thousand 384 crores 52 lakhs is 11.4 percent larger than the budget for the previous financial year.
  • In the budget presentednew schemes of 14 thousand 341 crore 89 lakh have been included.
  • The fiscal deficit in the budgethas been restricted to at 2.96 percent less than 3 percent of gross state domestic product.
  • Similarly, the indebtedness of the state is estimated to be 29.8 percent which is less than 30 percent of the gross state domestic product.
  • 29 thousand 883 crores in the budget is proposed for projects of energy sector.
  • This is about 54 percent more than the provisional amount in the previous year’s budget.
  • 250-250 crores is proposed for the’Startup Scheme’ and ‘One District-One Product’ scheme.
  • 11,500 crores are proposed for the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Rural).
  • While Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (urban) is proposed a grant of Rs. 2217 crores.
  • 1650 crores are proposed under Smart City Mission Scheme forLucknow, Kanpur, Agra, Varanasi, Allahabad, Aligarh, Jhansi, Moradabad, Bareilly and Saharanpur.

Metro Rail projects

  • Lucknow Metro has started. Plan Regarding the commencement of metro rail service in Kanpur, Meerut and Agra, D.P.R. has been prepared. Metro projects of Varanasi, Allahabad, Gorakhpur and Jhansi will be modified in line with the new policy of the Central Government.


  • Year 2017-2018, till December, 2017, 50 thousand 668 majro (specified region) have been electrified, which is more than two times more than the previous year. The Government aims to provide electricity to 37 lakh 55 thousand houses by March 31st, 2018.
  • In addition to this, the Saubhayga Yojna of the Government of India is also being implemented in the state, under which there is the goal of providing power connections to about 1.5 crore households by March 2019.
  • Compared to last year, there has an increase by 23 percent in the supply provided to rural areas this year.

U.P. ‘Uttar Pradesh Solar Energy-Policy-2017’ and ‘Women’s Safety and Women’s Welfare by the Government

  • Marriage registration has been made mandatory by the state government.
  • Beti Bachao-Beti Padao program has been widely publicized to bring awareness about gender inequality.
  • 64 Rescue van has been arranged. The capacity of call center was increased to 30 from 6 seater in 181 Woman Helpline schemes by which Helpline facilities have been provided for 24 hour telephone calls for assistance to the suffering women.


  • 100 crores arrangement is being arranged for the advance storage of fertilizers.
  • A budget provision of Rs. 31 crores is proposed for computerization of Primary Agriculture Co-operative Societies.
  • An arrangement of Rs.200 crores is proposed under the subsidy scheme to provide crop loan to the farmers at a lower interest rate.

Animal Husbandry

  • An arrangement of approximately Rs. 75 crores has been proposed for the improvement of the economic condition of small and marginal farmers of Animal Husbandry, P. Deendayal Upadhyay Small Dairy Scheme.
  • A provision of Rs. 100 crores is proposed for the National Animal Health and Disease Control Program.
  • For the welfare of the fishermen, an arrangement of Rs 25 crore has been proposed for the establishment of Fisheries Welfare Fund.
  • 20 crore rupees are proposed under the Blue Revolution Integrated Development and Management for Fisheries Scheme.
  • 20 crores for the Submission on Agro forestry scheme and establishment of tourism and biodiversity center in Kukral forest area is proposed.
  • In order to computerization of land records in the state grant of Rs. 42 crores is proposed.
  • A provision of Rs. 10 crore for ‘Aam Aadmi Bima Yojna’ is proposed for ‘Prime Minister Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana’ and Rs. 130 crore 60 lakh for Prime Minister Suraksha Bima Yojana.
  • In order to fund the disaster management in the state 777 crores, a provision of Rs.777 crores is proposed for the disaster relief fund.
  • It has been decided to run 170 National Mobil Medical Unit on PPP mode.
  • The aim is establishing of 100 new Ayurvedic clinics in rural areas.
  • A budget provision of Rs. 291 crore has been made for the ‘Prime Minister Mata Vandana Yojana’.

Medical Education:

  • Under the ‘Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana’ Phase-3, the upgraded Super Specialty Departments are being set up in 4 Medical Colleges namely- Jhansi, Gorakhpur, Allahabad and Meerut and for the construction of Super Specialty Department in 2 Medical Colleges Kanpur and Agra; a total of Rs 126 crore has been arranged.
  • An arrangement of Rs. 214 crore is proposed for the Shyama Prasad Rurban Mission.
  • In the year 2018-2019, a provision of Rs.1, 500 crore for National Rural Drinking Water Program and Rs.120 crore for State Rural Drinking Water Program is proposed.
  • An arrangement of Rs 200 crore is proposed for the Chief Minister’s Housing Scheme.

Panchayati Raj

  • An arrangement of Rs 5000 crore is proposed for the ‘Swachh Bharat Mission (Rural Scheme)’ in the year 2018-2019.
  • In order to encourage the excellent village panchayats in the Chief Minister Panchayat Incentive Scheme, a provision of Rs. 20 crores is proposed.
  • An arrangement of Rs. 36 crores is proposed for the free boring scheme.
  • An arrangement of Rs. 10 crore is proposed for the implementation of Pt Deen Dayal Grameen Vidyut Yojana.
  • An arrangement of Rs. 20 crore is proposed for the Pt Deen Dayal Upadhyay Khadi Marketing Development Assistance Scheme.

Medical and Health

  • For the rural area, 2 thousand Ayurvedic medical officers have been deployed at primary health centers.
  • First time, 595 dental surgeons have been created at Community Health Centers.
  • Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences has been admitted for 150 MBBS seats for the first time.
  • The 500-beded super-specialty hospital, paramedical and nursing college will be constructed in the new campus.
  • 5 districts of five districts of Faizabad, Basti, Bahraich, Firozabad and Shahjahanpur are upgraded to the State Medical College, in the financial year 2018-2019, for which a provision of Rs. 500 crores has been made.
  • The Government Medical Institute, Greater Noida, the academic session 2018-2019 will be started in MBBS 100 seats.
  • The Burn Unit will be set up Government Medical College Kanpur, Gorakhpur, Agra and Allahabad for which a provision of Rs. 14 crore is proposed.

Forest and Environment

  • State and Forestry-centric State Forest Policy -2017 has been named by Forest and Environment State Government.

Road and Bridge

  • A budget of Rs. 11,343 crore has been proposed for the construction of roads in the state by the Road and Setu PWD Department.
  • An arrangement of Rs.2, 200 crores is proposed for the construction, widening and strengthening of roads under central road fund scheme.


  • Electricity for the purpose of providing home-based electricity in the state.
  • A Memorandum of Understanding was signed by the Government to implement Power for allprogramme ‘ in the state with the Government of India.
  • Saubhyaga Yojna started by government of India is being implemented in the state, under which there is the goal of providing power connections to about 1.5 crore households by March 2019.

Urban Development, Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation

  • An arrangement of Rs.1, 500 crore has been proposed for Urban Development, Urban Employment and Poverty Alleviation in the budget for the Kumbh Mela 2019.
  • A budget of Rs 240 crores is proposed in the budget for the various projects run by the National Ganga River Basin Authority.
  • An arrangement of Rs 1,000 crore for the Swachh Bharat Mission is proposed.
  • An amount of Rs. 20000 crore has been arranged for the AMRUT scheme.
  • For the purpose of developing a Nagar Panchayat of each district, a provision of Rs 200 crore for Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Adarsh ​​Nagar Panchayat Yojana is proposed.

Secondary Education

  • A budgetary provision of Rs 480 crores is proposed for the secondary education campaign to improve the level of secondary education in the state.
  • Arrangement of Rs. 26 crores is proposed for the administration of Deendayal Upadhyay State Model Schools.

Higher education

  • An amount of Rs. 167 crores for the National Higher Education Campaign and Rs. 37 crores for the establishment of model colleges is proposed.
  • A provision of Rs 21 crore for ‘Ahilya Bai Nihshulk Shiksha Yojana’ is proposed.
  • Budget of Rs. 106 crores has been made for the establishment of new state colleges and completion of pre-existing colleges / universities.

Social welfare

  • An arrangement of about 7 thousand 858 crores is proposed for the welfare and development schemes of general category and scheduled castes.
  • The Chief Minister’s collective marriage scheme has been started for marriage of daughters of families of all sections of living below poverty line, for which a provision of Rs. 250 crore is proposed.
  • 121 crores and Rs. 82 crores respectively are proposed for the marriage of daughters of Scheduled Castes and the poor families of the general category respectively.
  • A provision of Rs 500 crore is proposed for the ‘National Family Benefit Scheme’ in the financial year 2018-2019.
  • 2,560 crores has been proposed under ‘Old Age and Kisan Pension Scheme’ for eligible older persons of all sections of the age of 60 years.


  • Uttar Pradesh has an important place in terms of tourism.
  • In order to give industry status to tourism in the state, the new tourism policy-2012 has been promulgated.
  • In this policy, attractive grants have been provided, envisaging Ramayan circuit, Braj Krishna circuit, Buddhist circuit, spiritual circuit, Sufi circuit, Bundelkhand circuit and Jain circuit.
  • An arrangement of Rs. 70 crores is proposed for successful implementation of the policy.
  • In order to promote pilgrimage in the Braj area, the Braj Shrine Development Council has been set up and there is a provision of Rs 100 crore for the development of infrastructure facilities.


State of Forest Report 2017

State of Forest Report 2017

Question- on February 12, 2018 State of Forest Report 2017 was released.  According to this report, which of the following states has the maximum increase in forest cover?
(a) Tamil Nadu
(b) Kerala
(c) Andhra Pradesh
(d) Madhya Pradesh
Answer- (c)
Related Facts:

  • On 12th February, 2018, Union Minister for Environment and Climate Change Dr. Harsha Vardhana released the ‘ India State of Forest Report: ISFR 2017’.
  • According to this report India is among top ten nations in the world in terms of forest area.
  • India is ranked 10th in the world, with 24.4% of land area under forest and tree cover, even though it accounts for 2.4 % of the world surface area and sustains the needs of 17 % of human and 18 % livestock population.
  • As per the latest FAO report, India is placed 8thin the list of Top Ten nations reporting the greatest annual net gain in forest area.
  • According to ISFR-2017, there is an increase of 8, 021 sq km (about 80.20 million hectare) in the total forest and tree cover of the country, compared to the previous assessment in 2015.
  • Increase in the forest cover has been observed as 6,778 sq km and that of tree cover as 1, 243 sq km.
  • The total forest and tree cover is 8, 02,088 sq. Km which is 39 per cent of the geographical area of the country.
  • Total forest cover in the country is 7, 08,273 sq. Km. which is 21.54 per cent of the total geographical area.
  • The intensive forest in the country has increased by 1.36 percent.
  • Significantly, the highly intensive forest absorbs most carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
  • As per the ISFR 2017, the total mangrove cover stands at 4,921 sq km and has shown an increase of 181 sq km.
  • The extent of bamboo-bearing area in the country has been estimated at 15.69 million hectare.
  • It is noteworthy that recently, the Central Government has presented a bill to exclude bamboo from the category of trees in Parliament.
  • Exclusion of Bamboo from the category of Tree will motivate people to grow bamboo in their own land.
  • According to the ISFR-2015, the mangrove cover in India is about 3.3 percent of the world’s entire mangroves, which is Spread over 4921 km in the country which is 0.15 percent of the total geographical area of ​​the country.
  • Three states  – Andhra Pradesh (2141 sq km), followed by Karnataka (1101 sq km) and Kerala (1043 sq km) have shown the maximum increase in forest cover.
  • “Madhya Pradesh has the largest forest cover of 77,414 sq km in the country in terms of area, followed by Arunachal Pradesh with 66,964 sq km and Chhattisgarh (55,547 sq km).
  • The highest mangrove cover in India is that four states / union territories are West Bengal (2,114 sq. km), Gujarat (1,140 sq. km), Andaman and Nicobar Islands (617 sq. km) and Andhra Pradesh (404 sq. Km) respectively.
  • While the four most mangrove cover districts are respectively South 24 Parganas-West Bengal (2084 sq. Km), Kutch-Gujarat (798 sq. Km), North-Andaman and Nicobar Islands (425 sq. Km) and Kendrapara-Odisha (197 sq. Km).
  • In terms of percentage of forest cover with respect to the total geographical area, Lakshadweep with (90.33 per cent) has the highest forest cover, followed by Mizoram (86.27 per cent) and Andaman & Nicobar Island (81.73 per cent)”.
  • The present assessment also reveals that 15 states/UT’s have above 33 per cent of the geographical area under forest cover.
  • Out of these States and Union Territories, seven States/UTs namely Mizoram, Lakshadweep, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Meghalaya and Manipur have more than 75 per cent forest cover.
  • 8 states – Tripura, Goa, Sikkim, Kerala, Uttarakhand, Dadra & Nagar Haveli, Chhattisgarh and Assam have forest cover between 33 per cent to 75 per cent.
  • About 40% per cent of the country’s forest cover is present in 9 large contiguous patches of the size of 10, 000 sq.km, or more.
  • It is worth mentioning that Uttar Pradesh’s total forest cover is 2, 40,928 square km which is 7.33 percent of the country’s geographical area.
  • It is known that ‘India Forest Status Report’ is released on every two years by the Forest Survey of India, based on Remote Sensing based satellite imagery, on the status of forests and trees in the country.
  • Referring to the enormity of the task of preparing the State of Forest Report, “Work has already started for preparing ISFR 2019”.


World Sustainable Development Summit 2018

Question- From 15th to 17th February, 2018, at which of the following places the ‘World Sustainable Development Conference, 2018’ is being organized?
(a) Jaipur
(b) Hyderabad
(c) New Delhi
(d) Mumbai
Answer: (c)
Related Facts:

  • From 15th -17th February 2018, the ‘World Sustainable Development Summit: WSDS’ 2018 is being organized in New Delhi.
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated this conference on 16th February, 2018.
  • The theme of the Summit this year is ‘Partnerships for a Resilient Planet’; WSDS 2018 seeks to create action frameworks to resolve some of the most urgent challenges facing developing economies in the backdrop of climate change.
  • WSDS is the flagship forum of The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and seeks to bring together on a common platform, global leaders and thinkers in the fields of sustainable development, energy and environment sectors.
  • WSDS-2012 tries to create an ‘action framework’ to address some of the most important challenges facing the developing economies in the background of climate change.
  • Over 2000 delegates are participating in the summit, including policy makers, researchers, think tanks, diplomats and corporates from around the world.


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