सामयिक विषय: International

2017 Global Hunger Index

Global Hunger Index-2017

Question: What is the ranking of India in the ‘Global Hunger Index-2007’ released by ‘International Food Policy Research Institute’ (IFPRI) on October 12, 2017?
(a) 86th
(b) 100th
(c) 97th
(d) 65th
Answer- (b)
Related Facts:

  • On October 12, 2017, the ‘Global Hunger Index-2017’ was released by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
  • The main theme of the GHI-2017 report is ‘The Inequalities of Hunger’.
  • GHI scores are based on four component indicators—undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality.
  • Each of the four component indicators is given a standardized score on a 100-point scale, based on the highest observed level for the indicator globally.
  • This calculation results in GHI scores on a 100-point scale, where 0 is the best score (no hunger) and 100 is the worst.
  • According to 2017 GHI scores, the level of hunger in the world has decreased by 27 percent from the 2000 level.
  • 119 countries have been included in the global hunger index.
  • Of the 119 countries assessed in this year’s report, one falls in the extremely alarming range on the GHI Severity Scale; 7 fall in the alarming range; 44 in the serious range; and 24 in the moderate range. Only 43 countries have scores in the low range.
  • The 14 countries with 2017 GHI scores of less than 5 are not assigned individual ranks, but rather are collectively ranked 1–14.
  • In which five top countries are Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina (jointly), Chile, Croatia and Cuba respectively.
  • India is jointly ranked 100th with the Djibouti and Rwanda in the global hunger index -2017, while India was at 97th rank last year (2016) in 118 countries.
  • India’s score in GH-Index -2017 is -31.4.
  • India remains still in a serious position.
  • Like last year, India’s position is better than Pakistan (106th position).
  • While India is at bad condition comparable to Nepal (72nd), Sri Lanka (84th) and Bangladesh (88th position).

Reference:
http://www.globalhungerindex.org/pdf/en/2017.pdf
http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/india-100th-on-global-hunger-index-trails-north-korea-bangladesh/article19846437.ece
https://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/india/india-100th-on-global-hunger-index-trails-north-korea-bangladesh/articleshow/61057694.cms

The Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences 2017

  • On 9th October, 2017 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2017 to Richard H. Thaler (University of Chicago, IL, USA) “for his contributions to behavioral economics”.
  • Richard H. Thaler has incorporated psychologically realistic assumptions into analyses of economic decision-making.
  • By exploring the consequences of limited rationality, social preferences, and lack of self-control, he has shown how these human traits systematically affect individual decisions as well as market outcomes.
  • Richard Thaler’s contributions have built a bridge between the economic and psychological analyses of individual decision-making.
  • His empirical findings and theoretical insights have been instrumental in creating the new and rapidly expanding field of behavioral economics, which has had a profound impact on many areas of economic research and policy.

About Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences

  • The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel Awarded to 79 Laureates since 1969.
  • In 1968, Sveriges Riksbank (Sweden’s central bank) established the Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, founder of the Nobel Prize.
  • The Prize is based on a donation received by the Nobel Foundation in 1968 from Sveriges Riksbank on the occasion of the Bank’s 300th anniversary.
  • The first Prize in Economic Sciences was awarded to Ragnar Frisch and Jan Tinbergen in 1969.
  • The Prize in Economic Sciences is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden, according to the same principles as for the Nobel Prizes that have been awarded since 1901.
  • 1 woman have been awarded the Prize in Economic Sciences so far, Elinor Ostrom, in 2009.

Reference:
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economic-sciences/laureates/2017/
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/economic-sciences/

The Nobel Peace Prize for 2017

2017 Nobel Peace Prize

  • On 6th October, 2017 The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2017 to the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN).
  • The organization is receiving the award for its work to draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for its ground-breaking efforts to achieve a treaty-based prohibition of such weapons.

About International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)

  • The International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN) is a coalition of non-governmental organizations in one hundred countries promoting adherence to and implementation of the United Nations nuclear weapon ban treaty.
  • This landmark global agreement was adopted in New York on 7 July 2017.
  • ICAN began in Australia and was officially launched in Vienna, Austria in 2007.
  • ICAN have worked to build a powerful global groundswell of public support for the abolition of nuclear weapons.
  • By engaging a diverse range of groups and working alongside the Red Cross and like-minded governments, ICAN have helped reshape the debate on nuclear weapons and generate momentum towards elimination.
  • The UN secretary-general praised ICAN in 2012 “for working with such commitment and creativity in pursuit of our shared goal”.

About Nobel Nobel Peace Prize

  • The Nobel Peace Prize is awarded by a committee of five persons who are chosen by the Norwegian Storting (Parliament of Norway).
  • Awarded to 131 Nobel Laureates since 1901.
  • 3 Peace Prize Laureates have been under arrest at the time of the award: German pacifist and journalist Carl von Ossietzky, Burmese politician Aung San Suu Kyi and Chinese human rights activist Liu Xiaobo.

Reference:
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/2017/press.html
http://www.icanw.org/campaign/campaign-overview/

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