सामयिक विषय: International

66th Miss Universe Competition

Miss Universe

Question: Who won the title of the 66th Miss Universe contest, 2017, held in America’s Las Vegas on November 26, 2017?
(a) Paulina Vega
(b) Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters
(c) Shraddha Shashidhar
(d) Iris Mittenaere
Answer: (b) 
Related Facts:

  • On November 26, 2017, the 66th edition of Miss Universe Beauty Competition concluded in Los Angeles, United States.
  • A total of 92 participants from different countries participated in this.
  • Demi-Leigh Nel-Peters from South Africa won the Miss Universe title of 2017 in the competition.
  • Miss Universe 2016 France’s IrisMittenaere crowned Demi-le Nell-Peters for the Miss Universe 2017.
  • The first Runner Up of the Contest was Columbia’s Laura Gonzalez and second runner up, Davina Bennett of Jamaica.
  • Shraddha Shashidhar represented India in this competition.

Reference:
https://www.missuniverse.com/post/2340
https://www.missuniverse.com/contestants
https://www.missuniverse.com/
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/miss-universe-2017-final-question-beauty-pageant-top-three-contestants-lifest/1/1097852.html

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Cabinet approval of India’s Membership for European Bank for Reconstruction & Development

Question: Recently, Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved India’s Membership for European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD). Where is headquarter of the EBRD located?
(a) Brussels
(b) London
(c) Rome
(d) Paris
Answer: (b) 
Related Facts:

  • On November 22, 2017, Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved India’s Membership for European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD).
  • Necessary steps will be initiated by the Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance to acquire the membership of the EBRD.
  • From its membership, India will have the following benefits:
  • Membership of EBRD would enhance India’s international profile and promote its economic interests. Access to EBRD’s Countries of Operation and sector knowledge.
  • India’s investment opportunities would get a boost.
  • It would increase the scope of cooperation between India and EBRD through co-financing opportunities in manufacturing, services, Information Technology, and Energy.
  • EBRD’s core operations pertain to private sector development in their countries of operation. The membership would help India leverage the technical assistance and sectoral knowledge of the bank for the benefit of development of private sector.
  • This would contribute to an improved investment climate in the country.
  • The membership of EBRD would enhance the competitive strength of the Indian firms, and provide an enhanced access to international markets in terms of business opportunities, procurement activities, consultancy assignments etc.
  • This would open up new vistas for Indian professionals on the one hand, and give a fillip to Indian exports on the other.
  • Increased economic activities would have the employment generating potential.
  • It would also enable Indian nationals to get the employment opportunity in the Bank.
  • EBRD was established in 1991.
  • Headquarter of EBRD is located in London (U.K.)
  • Currently its chairman is Sir Suma Chakrabarti.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=173734
http://www.ebrd.com/corporate-information/london-headquarters.html
http://www.ebrd.com/who-we-are.html

Climate Change Performance Index

Climate Change Performance Index-2018

Question: India’s ranking in the Climate Change Performance Index-2018 (2018-CCPI) is –
(a) 14th
(b) 20th
(c) 15th
(d) 21st
Answer: (a) 
Related Facts:

  • ‘Climate Change Performance Index, 2018’ was released by Environmental organization- GermanWatch in November 2018.
  • This index was first released in the year 2005.
  • Sweden with 74.32 has been put on top (4th Rank) amongst the 56 countries and the EU in the Climate Change Performance Index of the year 2018, whilst last year France was at top rank.
  • Rank of the Sweden is 4th in the list because none of the countries achieved positions one to three as no one is doing enough to prevent dangerous climate change.
  • The first five top countries are Sweden (4th), Lithuania (5th), Morocco (6th), Norway (7th) and United Kingdom (8th).
  • India has been ranked 14th with 60.02 score in this index.
  • India marks an improvement of 6 places from its 20th rank in CCPI 2017.
  • This year India has been put in the high rating in the emissions and energy use categories whilst last year it had got a place in medium rating categories.

Reference:    
https://germanwatch.org/en/download/20503.pdf
https://www.irishtimes.com/news/environment/climate-change-talks-ngos-rebuke-ireland-over-inertia-1.3298961
http://www.climate-transparency.org/climate-change-performance-index
https://germanwatch.org/en/download/16484.pdf

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