Daily : October 3, 2017

The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017

 The Nobel Prize in Physics 2017

  • On 3 October, 2017 The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Nobel Prize in Physics 2017 with one half to Rainer Weiss and the other half jointly to Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne.
  • They are awarded for decisive contributions to the LIGO detector and the observation of gravitational waves.

Prize amount: 9 million Swedish krona.

About their work

  • On 14 September 2015, the universe’s gravitational waves were observed for the very first time.
  • The waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein a hundred years ago, came from a collision between two black holes. It took 1.3 billion years for the waves to arrive at the LIGO detector in the USA.
  • The signal was extremely weak when it reached Earth, but is already promising a revolution in astrophysics.
  • Gravitational waves are an entirely new way of observing the most violent events in space and testing the limits of our knowledge.
  • LIGO, the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory, is a collaborative project with over one thousand researchers from more than twenty countries. Together, they have realised a vision that is almost fifty years old.
  • The 2017 Nobel Laureates have, with their enthusiasm and determination, each been invaluable to the success of LIGO.
  • Pioneers Rainer Weiss and Kip S. Thorne, together with Barry C. Barish, the scientist and leader who brought the project to completion, ensured that four decades of effort led to gravitational waves finally being observed.

About Nobel Prize in Physics

  • The Nobel Prize in Physics is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Awarded to 207 Nobel Laureates since 1901.
  • 1 person, John Bardeen, has been awarded the Physics Prize twice.
  • 25 years was the age of the youngest Physics Laureate ever, Lawrence Bragg, when he was awarded the 1915 Physics Prize together with his father.

Reference:
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/2017/press.html
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2017

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, 2017

  • On 2 October, 2017 The Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet has decided to award the 2017 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly to Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young.
  • They are awarded for their discoveries of molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm.

About their work

  • Jeffrey C. Hall, Michael Rosbash and Michael W. Young were able to peek inside our biological clock and elucidate its inner workings.
  • Their discoveries explain how plants, animals and humans adapt their biological rhythm so that it is synchronized with the Earth’s revolutions.
  • Using fruit flies as a model organism, this year’s Nobel laureates isolated a gene that controls the normal daily biological rhythm.
  • They showed that this gene encodes a protein that accumulates in the cell during the night, and is then degraded during the day.
  • Subsequently, they identified additional protein components of this machinery, exposing the mechanism governing the self-sustaining clockwork inside the cell.
  • We now recognize that biological clocks function by the same principles in cells of other multicellular organisms, including humans.

About Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

  • Awarded to 214 Nobel Laureates since 1901.
  • The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
  • 32 years was the age of the youngest Medicine Laureate ever, Frederick G. Banting, who was awarded the 1923 Medicine Prize for the discovery of insulin.

Reference:
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2017/press.html
https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/

Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi lays foundation stone for AIIMS at Bilaspur

Prime Minister Sri Narendra Modi lays foundation stone for AIIMS at Bilaspur

  • The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, visited Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh on 3 October, 2017.
  • The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone for the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), at Bilaspur.
  • This 750 bed hospital will be built at a cost of approximately Rs. 1350 crore.
  • In addition to healthcare, it will also provide medical education at the under-graduate and post-graduate level, besides nursing.
  • The Prime Minister also unveiled a plaque to mark the launch of Digital Nerve Centres for primary healthcare.
  • The Prime Minister laid the foundation stone for the Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT), at Una.
  • Shri Narendra Modi also inaugurated a Steel Processing Unit of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL), at Kandrori, Kangra.

know about AIIMS

  • Nehru’s dream was that such a centre would set the pace for medical education and research in Southeast Asia , and in this he had the wholehearted support of his Health Minister, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur.
  • The health survey and development committee ,chaired by Sir Joseph Bhore, an Indian Civil Servant ,had in 1946 already recommended the establishment of a national medical centre which would concentrate on meeting the need for highly qualified manpower to look after the nation’s expanding health care activities.
  • The dreams of Nehru and Amrit Kaur and the recommendations of the Bhore Committee converged to create a proposal which found favor with the government of New Zealand.
  • A generous grant from New Zealand under the Colombo Plan made it possible to lay the foundation stone of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in 1952.
  • The AIIMS was finally created in 1956,as an autonomous institution through an Act of Parliament ,to serve as a nucleus for nurturing excellence in all aspect of health care.

Reference:
http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/news_updates/pm-visits-himachal-pradesh-lays-foundation-stone-for-aiims-at-bilaspur/?comment=disable
http://www.aiims.edu/en/about-us.html?id=91

 

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