Daily : July 14, 2017

Railways launches first DEMU train with solar-powered coaches at Delhi

First DEMU Train with Solar powered Coaches

Question: What does ‘DEMU’ stands for?
(a) Driving Electronic Machine Unit
(b) Diesel Electric Multiple Unit
(c) Designed Electric Multiple Unit
(d) None of the above.
Ans: (b)
Related Fact :

  •  On July 14, 2017, Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu dedicated to the nation the first 1600 HP DEMU train with Solar Powered Coaches with a unique facility of Battery Bank.
  • This train has been manufactured by ‘Integral Coach Factory’ (ICF), Chennai and it’s Solar panels and Solar systems have been developed and fitted by ‘ Indian Railways Organisation of Alternative Fuel’ (IROAF) Delhi.
  • This first rake has been commissioned and based at Shakurbasti DEMU shed in Delhi of Northern Railway and will be put in the commercial service over the suburban railway system of Delhi division of Northern Railway.
  • Twenty-four more coaches will be fitted with this system within the next 6 months.
  • The entire electrical need of the coaches for Lighting, Fans and Information Display System will be met from the Solar Energy produced from the solar panels fitted in the roofs of coaches.
  • IROAF has developed this system with a smart MPPT inverter which optimises power generation on a moving train to cater to full load even during the night.
  • The system will help in reducing Diesel consumption and reduce carbon signature of these commuter trains by reducing CO2 generation by 9 Tonnes per coach per year.
  • A solar power DEMU train with six trailer coaches will save about 21,000 Litres of Diesel and thereby bring cost saving of Rs.12 Lac every year.
  • Notably, Indian Railways has set a target of 1000 MW Solar Plants in next five-years. Indian Railways is also taking several others environment friendly measures like Tea Plantation, Bio-toilet, Water-Recycling, Waste Disposal, using Bio-fuel CNG and LNG, Wind Energy etc.
  • Northern Railway launched the first DEMU service on Indian Railways in 1994. Today, NR has 3 DEMU sheds having highest DEMU holding on Indian Railways. Shakurbasti DEMU shed of Northern Railway has been a pioneer in the field of green powered DEMUs – CNG & Solar powered.


MoU between RINL and CCI for setting up Cement Plant

MoU between RINL and CCI for setting up Cement Plant

Question: Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL) is an entity of
(a) Visakhapatnam Steel Plant
(b) Bhilai Steel Plant
(c) Bokaro Steel Plant
(d) Tata Iron and Steel Company
Ans. (a)
Related Fact :

  • On July 14, 2017, Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL) and Cement Corporation of India (CCI) signed a Memorandum of Understanding in Vishakhapatnam to set up 2 metric Tonnes per annum Fly Ash and Blast Furnace Slag based Cement Plant.
  • Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited is the corporate entity of Visakhapatnam Steel Plant and Cement Corporation of India is a PSU under Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises.
  • Cement Plantwill be set up in a Joint Venture arrangement in two phases of one million tonne capacity each.
  • The JV Project cost is approximately Rs.150 Cr. RINL is offering around 35 acres of land for the proposed plant in its premises. The project is proposed to be completed in 15 months from the date of placement of order.
  • The location of the proposed plant shall result in immense logistical cost benefits due to availability of BF slag and Fly ash.
  • The nearby port shall also provide avenues for export of Cement as well as import of Clinker, if required.
  • Plant and machinery available with CCI are expected to bring down the project cost. The cost data as indicated by CCI apparently makes CCI one of the lowest cost manufacturers of Clinker in India.


EU and India established an Investment Facilitation Mechanism

EU and India established an Investment Facilitation Mechanism

Question: Who is the president of the parliament of European Union?
(a) Antonio Tajani
(b) Donald Tusk
(c) Jean-Claude Juncker
(d) Antonio Guterres
Ans: (a)
Related Fact :

  • On July 14, 2017, European Union (EU) and India announced the establishment of an Investment Facilitation Mechanism (IFM) for EU Investments in India.
  •  This agreement is the result of the Joint Statement of the 13th EU-India Summit held in Brussels in March 2016, where the EU had welcomed India’s readiness to establish such a mechanism and leaders from both sides had reaffirmed their shared commitment to oppose protectionism and to work in favour of a fair, transparent and rule-based trade and investment environment.
  •  As part of the IFM, the EU Delegation to India and the Department of Industrial Policy & Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce & Industry, agreed to hold regular high level meetings to assess and facilitate “ease of doing business” for EU investors in India.
  • Invest India, the official Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of the Government of India, will also be part of the Mechanism. It will create a single-window entry point for EU companies that need assistance for their investments at the central or state level.
  • The mechanism will allow for a close coordination between the European Union and the Government of India with an aim to promote and facilitate EU investment in India.
  • EU is one of the biggest provider of foreign investment in India, with a stock exceeding US$ 81.52 billion (more than 4.4 lakh crores INR) as of March 2017.
  • There are currently more than 6,000 EU companies present in India, providing direct and indirect employment to over 6 million people


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