Daily : July 8, 2017

Exercise Malabar 2017

Exercise Malabar 2017

Question: Exercise Malabar started in …
a) 1992
b) 1994
c) 1995
d) 1996
Ans: (a)

Related facts:-

  • The 21st edition of Exercise Malabar is being conducted from 10th to 20th July 2017 in the North Indian Ocean.
  • This exercise will see participation from United States, India, and Japan who are the permanent partners of the exercise.
  • The 10-day Malabar drills will be bigger and more complex than all previous editions of the exercise.
  • The US navy is being represented by USS Nimitz, the world’s largest aircraft carrier, guided-missile cruiser USS Princeton, guided-missile destroyers USS Howard, USS Shoup, and USS Kidd, a P-8A Poseidon submarine hunter plane, a Los Angeles-class fast-attack submarine.
  • Indian warships at the exercise will include two Shivalik-class stealth frigates, two Ranvir-class destroyers, a Kamorta-class anti-submarine warfare corvette, a tanker and a submarine.
  • The Indian Navy’s solitary aircraft carrier, INS Vikramaditya, and Japan’s Izumo-class helicopter carrier will also be among the 20-odd warships taking part in the exercise.
  • The exercise will involve both ashore and at-sea training. Ashore training will include exchanges on carrier strike group operations, maritime patrol and reconnaissance operations, surface and anti-submarine warfare, explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) and visit, board, search and seizure (VBSS) operations.
  • Sea phase will cover professional exchanges and embarks, submarine familiarisation, air defence exercises, surface warfare drills, anti-submarine warfare, gunnery exercises and VBSS operations.
  • India and the US kicked off Malabar exercise in 1992 and Japan became a permanent partner in 2015.
  • Australia, and Singapore are non-permanent partners and have taken part in previous editions of the exercise.

Reference:
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/india-us-japan-to-begin-malabar-drills-all-you-need-to-about-the-naval-exercise-in-indian-ocean/story-ssB13XXA3rmYZ8nLyJ0nTP.html
http://thediplomat.com/2017/04/india-japan-australia-and-the-us-the-return-of-asias-quad/

Exercise Maitree 2017

Exercise Maitree 2017

Question: Exercise Maitree-2017 is being conducted from 3-17 July, 2017 between the armies of …
a) India and Thailand
b) India and Sri Lanka
c) India and Vietnam
d) India and Taiwan
Ans: (a)

Related facts:-

  • On July 3, 2017, Exercise Maitree 2017- 14-day joint training exercise of the Indian Army with the Royal Thailand Army, started at Bakloh in Chamba district in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Around 100 troops from the Indian Army and the Royal Thailand Army are participating in this exercise.
  • The joint exercise aims at building and promoting closer relations while exchanging skills and experiences between both the armies.
  • This joint exercise will try to familiarize both contingents with each other’s operating procedures in the backdrop of counter insurgency/ counter terrorism environment.
  • This will enhance interoperability while carrying out operations to counter insurgency and terrorism.
  • The previous edition of the exercise was held at Krabi, Thailand in 2016.

Reference:
http://www.business-standard.com/article/news-ani/exercise-maitree-2017-commences-in-himachal-117070301218_1.html
http://thediplomat.com/2017/07/india-thailand-launch-army-exercise/

 

AIIB approved USD 329 million loan for Gujarat rural roads

AIIB approved USD 329 million loan for Gujarat rural roads

Question: Which of the following is the biggest shareholder of Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank?
a) India
b) China
c) Brazil
d) Russia
Ans: (b)

Related facts:-

  • On July 4, 2017, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) approved a loan of US$329 million to build access roads to approximately 4,000 villages in all 33 districts of Gujarat, India.
  • This project will construct and upgrade district and farm-to-market roads for the villagers and provide access to educational institutions, schools and hospitals.
  • This project is a part of phase one of the multiphase Government of Gujarat’s “Chief Minister’s Rural Roads Program” that complements the Government of India’s “Prime Minister’s Rural Roads Program”.
  • The Bank is piloting a unique software tool specifically developed for this rural roads project.
  • AIIB is a multilateral development bank founded to bring countries together to address the daunting infrastructure needs across Asia.
  • AIIB has 80 approved members and is headquartered in Beijing.
  • China is the bank’s biggest shareholder, contributing around USD $30 billion to its USD 100 billion capital, and India is the second-biggest shareholder with an $8 billion contribution.

Reference:
https://www.aiib.org/en/news-events/news/2017/20170705_001.html
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/china-aiib-gujarat-loan-rural-roads-projects-india/1/994529.html

 

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