Daily : May 19, 2017

Cabinet approved Pan-India implementation of Maternity Benefit Program

Cabinet approved Pan-India implementation of Maternity Benefit Program

Question: The Maternity Benefit Program was extended to all districts of the country on …
(a) 1st January 2017.
(b) 26th January, 2017.
(c) 15th August, 2016.
(d) 1st July, 2016.
Ans: (a)
Related Fact :

  • On May 17, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave ex-post facto approval to Pan-India implementation of Maternity Benefit Program which now has been extended to all districts of the country w.e.f. 01.01.2017.
  • The Prime Minister in his address to the nation on 31.12.2016 had announced Pan-India implementation of Maternity Benefit Program.
  • The Maternity Benefit Program will provide compensation for the wage loss in terms of cash incentives so that the women can take adequate rest before and after delivery and not be deprived of proper nutrition.
  • All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding those who are in regular employment with the Central Government or State Government or Public Sector Undertakings will receive benefit of Rs.5000/- in three installments for the birth of the first live child by Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • First installment will be given on early registration of pregnancy, second installment on at least one antenatal check-up (after 6 months of pregnancy) and third installment when child birth is registered and child has received first cycle of BCG, OPV, DPT and Hepatitis-B or its equivalent/substitute.
  • The government aims to ensure that on an average a woman gets Rs. 6000 for adequate support and health care during pregnancy and at the time of delivery
  • The conditional cash transfer scheme would be in DBT mode.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161857
http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/good-governance/centre/pan-india-implementation-of-maternity-benefit-program/articleshow/58716605.cms

Cabinet approved amendment to the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorized Occupants) Act, 1971

Cabinet approved amendment to the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorized Occupants) Act, 1971

Question: What is the time line for evacuating the government residence under the proposed amendment to Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorized Occupants) Act, 1971?
(a) 30 days
(b) 90 days
(c) 45 days
(d) 3 days
Ans: (d)
Related Fact :

  • On May 17, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave its approval for amendment in Section 2 and Section 3 of the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorized Occupants) Act, 1971 (PPE Act, 1971).
  • The Amendment will enable the Estate officer to apply summary proceedings for evicting unauthorised occupants from residential accommodations allotted for a fixed tenure.
  • Estate Officer can make such inquiry as he deems expedient in the circumstances of the case and thus do not have to follow the elaborate procedures prescribed as per sections 4, 5 and 7 of the Act.
  • Estate Officers can even make an order for the eviction of such persons forthwith following the procedure proposed in the new section.
  • If such persons refuse or fail to comply with the said order of eviction, Estate Officer may use force to evict them.
  • The changes also seek to debar such occupants to move any court below the high court with their appeals for overstay.
  • Currently, it takes around a month to issue the vacation orders after issuing notices and hearing out the occupants.
  • Once the vacation order is issued, another up to 30 days are given to the occupants for leaving the premises.
  • In between, the occupants move the courts, especially the lower courts, to get a stay order. With the amendments, the process will end in three days.
  • The amendment will thus facilitate smooth and speedy eviction of unauthorised occupants from government residences.
  • The Government of India has to evict unauthorized occupants from Government accommodations under the provisions of PPE Act, 1971. However, the eviction proceedings take unusually long time, thereby reducing the availability of govt. accommodations to new incumbents.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161853
http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/cabinet-nod-to-changes-in-law-to-stop-overstay-of-mps-babus/1/956448.html

Cabinet nod for The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017

Cabinet nod for The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017

Question: A ‘prohibited area’ around a protected monument/site spreads in …. of the site.
(a) 100 metre radius.
(b) 50 meter radius
(c) 500 metre radius
(d) 200 metre radius
Ans: (a)
Related Fact :

  • On May 17, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved the introduction of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017 in the Parliament.
  • Amendments approved to make way for certain constructions limited strictly to public works include;
  • Insertion of a new definition of “public works” in section 2 of the Act.
  • Amendment to section 20A of the Act so as to allow any Department or Office of the Central Government to carry out public works in the prohibited area after obtaining permission from the Central Government.
  • Insertion of a new clause (ea) to section 20-I of the principal Act.
  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act 1958 will be amended through the Bill to allow “public works of national importance” in the prohibited areas.
  • A ‘prohibited area’ means land in the 100-metre radius around a protected site. Currently, construction is not allowed in the prohibited area except for repair and renovation works.
  • At present, as many as 3,686 monuments and sites are centrally-protected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), which is responsible for their maintenance.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161850
http://ptinews.com/news/8712733_Cabinet-nod-for-amending-law-to-allow-construction-near

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