Daily : March 20, 2017

First Pristine air-quality monitoring station

First Pristine air-quality monitoring station

Question: First Pristine air-quality monitoring station has been established by National Physical Laboratory in …
(a) Himachal Pradesh
(b) Uttarakhand
(c) Arunachal Pradesh
(d) Sikkim
Ans: (a)

  • Atmospheric monitoring station established by National Physical Laboratory in the campus of Institute of Himalayan Bio resource Technology (IHBT) at Palampur (H.P.) was dedicated to the nation on 17th March, 2017.
  • It is situated at an altitude of 1391 m for generating the base data for atmospheric trace species & properties to serve as reference for comparison of polluted atmosphere in India.
  • At this station, NPL has installed state of art air monitoring system, greenhouse gas measurement system and Raman Lidar.
  • A number of parameters like CO, NO, NO2, NH3, SO2, O3, PM, HC & BC besides CO2 & CH4 are being currently monitored at this station which is also equipped with weather station (AWS) for measurement of weather parameters.
  • In India, air quality parameters are mostly measured in industrial and residential areas, however, data for air quality of pristine atmosphere is not available in India.
  • NPL’s station will contribute to fill this important gap. The NPL’s station will also serve as a base station for inter-comparison of air quality monitoring equipment being used in India to improve quality of monitored data in India.
  • The data generated by this station at Palampur will act as background data for the measured pollution at various cities in the country. The generated background data will be shared with different pollution control boards and agencies in the country so that the more precise pollution mapping traceable to standard values can be done
  • Setting up of such state of art monitoring systems in Himalayan region will help to assess the vulnerability of region’s sensitive ecosystem due to climate change & pollution.


3 Day International Buddhist Conference

3 Day International Buddhist Conference

Question: Where is the Central Tibetan Administration (Exile Tibetan People’s Organization) headquartered?
(a) Shimla
(b) Dharamsala
(c) Chandigarh
(d) Surat
Ans: (b)

  • A three days “International Buddhist Conference” organized by Ministry of Culture and Nava Nalanda Mahavihara,Deemed University was inaugurated by His Holiness The Dalai Lama and Dr.Mahesh Sharma, Minister of Culture and Tourism on 17th March, 2017 at Rajgir International Buddhist Conference, Bihar.
  • On this occasion the reprint of the Pali Tripitaka in Devanagri script was released by His Holiness the Dalai Lama.
  • An announcement was also made for opening of the department of the Buddhist science for the first time in Asia.
  • It is to be noted that the Central Tibetan Administration (Exile Tibetan People’s Organization) is headquartered at McLeod Ganj, Dharamsala, India.
  • The territory of Tibet is administered by the People’s Republic of China following an illegitimate military occupation. Before that Tibet had been a distinct nation with a long history of independence.



NTPC installs India’s largest Floating Solar PV Plant

Question: What is the capacity of the floating Solar Photo Voltaic plant installed at Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Power Plant Kayamkulam, Kerala?
(a) 50 KWp
(b) 75 KWp
(c) 100 KWp
(d) 25 KWp
Ans:(c )

  • On 10th March, 2017, A 100 kWp Floating Solar Photo Voltaic plant was inaugurated at Rajiv Gandhi Combined Cycle Power Plant (RGCCPP) Kayamkulam, Kerala.
  • This is the largest of its kind in India as on date and has been indigenously developed as a part of ‘Make In India’ initiative.
  • This floating platform has been developed by NETRA (NTPC Energy Technology Research Alliance), the R&D arm of NTPC Ltd, in collaboration with Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET), Chennai and patent has been applied.
  • The system was installed by Swelect Energy Systems Ltd, Chennai with support from NETRA & NTPC Kayamkulam station in a short span of 22 days.
  • It has various benefits like conserving water through reduction of evaporation, increased generation due to cooling effect on the panels, reduced installation time etc and could be installed on saline water environment.
  • Installation potential of such type of systems in India is huge because of abundance of water bodies, within NTPC, the potential is approx. 800 MWp in various reservoirs in existing stations.
  • Particularly in Kerala, due to availability of water bodies and lack of presence of enough land, this type of system has a great potential.


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