Daily : March 16, 2017

International conference on the Vision Zero

International conference on the Vision Zero

Question: The international conference on the Vision Zero is being organized in which of the following cities?
(a) New Delhi
(b) New York
(c) Montreal
(d) St. Petersburg
Ans: (a)

  • The international conference on the VISION ZERO and its relevance to Occupational Safety and Health is being organized from 15th to 17th, March 2017 at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi.
  • The conference is being organized by Directorate General Factory Advice and Labour Institutes (DGFASLI), Ministry of Labour and Employment, Government of India and German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV), Germany in association with International Social Security Association (ISSA).
  • The conference aims to focus on the Occupational Safety and Health issues and challenges in the Manufacturing, Construction and Mining sector. The conference will provide a forum for promoting safety and health at work by exchanging knowledge, practices and experience.
  • The concept of ‘VISION ZERO’ is about improving the occupational safety and health status worldwide and in achieving the goal of ‘zero accidents and diseases’.
  • To achieve this, the International Social Security Association (ISSA) sets Seven Golden Rules and describes measures which contribute to meeting the objectives.
  • This include leadership commitment on safety always as the number one priority, identification of hazards and risks by a systematic risk assessment, ensuring a safe system by increasing the responsibility of all managers, focus on use of safe & healthy technology, improving qualification by defining the required qualification for each workplace, and investing in employees.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=159150

Successful test of longer range version of BrahMos

Successful test of longer range version of BrahMos

Question: What is the range of new version of BrahMos which was successfully tested from Odisha coast on 11th March, 2017?
(a) 300 Km
(b) 350 Km
(c) 400 Km
(d) 450 Km
Ans: (d)

  • On 11th March, 2017, India successfully test-fired its latest 450-km range version of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile from the Odisha coast.
  • This is the first test of the missile after its strike range was extended following India’s entry in Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
  • The extended range BrahMos hit the target with centimetric accuracy.
  • The development of the extended range version of BrahMos was announced at the Aero India 2017 by Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) chief S. Christopher.
  • BrahMos has been developed as part of a joint venture between India and Russia, and the missile had an initial range of 290 km. India has been able to work on increasing the range of the BrahMos missile from its current 290 km after it became a member of the prestigious Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
  • Indian Army and Indian Navy have already inducted the 290-km BrahMos and it is likely to clear the final test for Indian Air Force soon.
  • In its current form (290-km), the BrahMos has a maximum velocity of 2.8 Mach and cruises at altitudes varying from 10 metres to 15 km.
  • The land-attack version of BrahMos is fitted on a mobile launcher.
  • BrahMos is also capable of being launched from submarine from a depth of 40-50 metres.

Reference:
http://www.livemint.com/Politics/bLQcyCpYCFtzmh2xbr77UP/India-successfully-testfires-BrahMos-supersonic-cruise-miss.html

NASA New Radar Technique searched Lost Lunar Spacecraft

NASA New Radar Technique searched Lost Lunar Spacecraft

Question: NASA’s JPL has succeeded in locating two lunar spacecraft. One of them is Chandrayaan-1 and the other is…
(a) Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
(b) Surveyor 3
(c) Explorer 49
(d) Luna 10
Ans: (a)

  • According to press release by NASA on 9th March, 2017, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) of NASA has successfully located spacecraft orbiting the moon — one active, and one dormant.
  • NASA has succeeded in searching its own Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) and the Indian Space Research Organization’s Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft in lunar orbit with ground-based radar.
  • JPL’s team used NASA’s 70-meter (230-foot) antenna at NASA’s Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex in California to send out a powerful beam of microwaves directed toward the moon. Then the radar echoes bounced back from lunar orbit were received by the 100-meter (330-foot) Green Bank Telescope in West Virginia.
  • Its notable that Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft is very small, a cube about five feet (1.5 meters) on each side — about half the size of a smart car. Although the interplanetary radar has been used to observe small asteroids several million miles from Earth, researchers were not certain that an object of this smaller size as far away as the moon could be detected, even with the world’s most powerful radars.
  • Chandrayaan-1 proved the perfect target for demonstrating the capability of this technique.
  • This new technique could assist planners of future moon missions.

Reference:
https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?feature=6769

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