Daily : January 5, 2017

MoU between India and Portugal

MoU between India and Portugal

Question: The agreement signed between India and Portugal recently concerning agriculture will be in force for a period of … .
(a) five years.
(b) two years.
(c) one year.
(d) four years.
Ans:(a)

  • On 4th January, 2017, the Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi gave its approval for signing of an Agreement for cooperation in the field of Agriculture and allied sectors between India and Portugal.
  • The Agreement covers various activities in the field of agriculture such as exchange of scientific and technical information, trade in plants and plant products, exchange of information in phytosanitary issues, training programmes, seminars and visits of experts and consultants.
  • The Agreement provides for constitution of a Joint Working Group comprising of representatives from both countries.
  • The Joint Working Group would monitor the implementation of the present MoU and make concrete proposals for agriculture cooperation and develop guidelines and priorities for future cooperation in these fields.
  • The Agreement shall enter into force on the date of its signing and shall remain in force for a period of five years and shall be automatically extended for a subsequent period of five years unless either Party gives written notice through diplomatic channels to the other Party of its intention to terminate the Agreement at least six months before its expiration.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=156124
http://agriculture.gov.in/news.aspx

India and Uruguay agree for mutual Assistance in Customs Matters

India and Uruguay agree for mutual Assistance in Customs Matters

Question: What is MERCOSUR?
(a) A sub regional block for trade
(b) A security alliance
(c) An animal
(d) None of the above
Ans:(a)

  • On 4th January, 2017, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved signing and ratifying of an Agreement between India and Uruguay regarding Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters.
  • The Agreement will help in the availability of relevant information for the prevention and investigation of Customs offences.
  • The Agreement is also expected to facilitate trade and ensure efficient clearance of goods traded between the two countries.
  • The draft Agreement takes care of Indian Customs’ concerns and requirements, particularly in the area of exchange of information on the correctness of the Customs value declared, the authenticity of certificates of origin of goods and the description of the goods traded between the two countries.
  • Background:
  • Uruguay is an important trading partner of India among members of the MERCOSUR, a trading block in Latin America. India signed a Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) with the MERCOSUR which came into effect from 1st June, 2009.
  • Mercosur is a sub-regional bloc. Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. Its full members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Venezuela (which was suspended on December 1, 2016).
  • Trade between India and the Uruguay has been expanding gradually. The Agreement would provide a legal framework for sharing of information and intelligence between the Customs authorities of the two countries and help in the proper application of Customs laws, prevention and investigation of Customs offences and the facilitation of legitimate trade.
  • The draft text of the proposed Agreement has been finalized with the concurrence of the two Customs Administrations.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=156117
http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-uruguay-customs-agreement-receives-cabinet-nod-4458405/

India and Kenya to cooperate in the field of agriculture and allied sectors

India and Kenya to cooperate in the field of agriculture and allied sectors

Question: Nairobi is the capital city of … .
(a) Kenya
(b) West Indies
(c) Cuba
(d) None of the above.
Ans:(a)

  • On 4th January, 2017, The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Kenya on bilateral cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors.
  • The MoU covers wide range of activities in the field of agriculture such as agricultural research, animal husbandry and dairy, livestock and fisheries horticulture, natural resource management, post-harvest management and marketing, soil and conservation.
  • It will also focus on water management, irrigation farming systems development and integrated watershed development integrated pest management, agricultural plant, machinery and implements, sanitary and phytosanitary issues.
  • The MoU provides for constitution of a Joint Working Group comprising of representatives from both countries. The Joint Working Group would develop detailed cooperation programmes and monitor implementation of the MoU.
  • The MoU shall enter into force on the day of signing and shall remain valid for a period of five years and shall automatically be renewed for a subsequent period of five years unless either Party notifies the other in writing, six months before the expiry of the validity period of the intention to terminate it.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=156122
http://www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/cabinet-approves-pact-with-kenya-on-agriculture/story-wanAAXkCafu6g7W1KcVRjL.html

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