Edristi Current Affairs Sept 2016

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Planning & Project

Krishi Vigyan Kendra

Question: The first Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) on a pilot basis was established in 1974 at …. .
a) Puducherry
c) Dharwad
c) Agra
d) None of the above.
Ans: (a)
Related facts:

  • On 20th October, 2016 The Central Government announced opening of at least one Krishi Vigyan Kendra in all districts of the country besides opening Apiary Development Centers in ten states.
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra was envisioned as innovative institutions for imparting vocational training to the practicing farmers, school dropouts and field level extension functionaries.
  • This will provide advanced Agriculture technical assistance to the farmers near their farms itself.
  • The first KVK, on a pilot basis, was established in 1974 at Puducherry under the administrative control of the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore.
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra is deemed to play a vital role because of its following unique features:
    • Creation of valuable resources in terms of technical manpower and assets
    • Confirmation of technologies to suit local specificity
    • Showcasing the frontier technologies
    • Capacity building among stakeholders
    • Front runner in technological application, information and inputs
    • Participatory approaches in planning, implementing, executing and evaluation


28th Accountants General Conference 2016

28th Accountants General Conference

Question: Who is the Comptroller and Auditor General of India?
a) Shashi Kant Sharma
b) Vinod Rai
c) T S Thakur
d) None of the above
Ans: (a)
Related facts:

  • On 20th October, 2016 President Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the 28th Accountants General Conference organized by the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India.
  • The Accountants General Conference is a prime platform where the entire top level management of the Indian Audit and Accounts Department (IA&AD) come together once in two years to review, discuss and recommend the direction in which the IA&AD needs to move in order to discharge its duties in the best possible manner.
  • The Comptroller and Auditor General is seen as the agency which is mandated to keep a watch on economic, efficient and effective governance.
  • The foundation of sound governance with accountability rests on a system of robust public financial reporting.
  • A regular internal and external consultative process facilitates effort to adapt and upgrade professional practices and methods of functioning.
  • About 200 Accountants General from all over the country, former CAGs of India, members of Audit Advisory Board and senior government officials participated in the conference and reviewed the international best practices prevalent in audit and accounting.
  • There were four sessions to deliberate on:
    • Auditing the programmes related to Sustainable Development Goals
    • Meeting Challenges in Revenue Audit
    • Impact of Integrated Financial Management System on Accounts & Entitlement Functions
    • Audit of Local Bodies: Perspectives & Concerns



World Osteoporosis Day

Question: World Osteoporosis Day is celebrated on-
(a) 20 October
(b) 21 October
(c) 23 October
(d) 22 October
Ans: (a)

  • On 20 October 2016 World Osteoporosis Day (WOD) was celebrated across the world.
  • The theme for this year is “Love your Bones: Protect your future”.
  • This day is celebrated for raising global awareness of the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of osteoporosis and metabolic bone disease.
  • It aims to put bone, muscle and joint health on the global health agenda and reaches out to health-care professionals, the media, policy makers and the public at large.
  • Osteoporosis is a disease where decreased bone strength increases the risk of a broken bone.
  • It is the most common reason for a broken bone among the elderly.
  • Bones that commonly break include the back bones, the bones of the forearm, and the hip.
  • The bone diseases among women are a common occurrence, but of late, Osteoporosis, is fast affecting men, mostly after they turn 60.
  • Green-leafy vegetables like broccoli and spinach, turnip and cabbage contains calcium and Vitamin D good for bones.
  • Milk and milk products contain Vitamin B12 and zinc which makes the bones strong.


Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu inaugurating the “Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wansjaliya Sections in Gujarat of Western Railways as Green Corridor Sections

Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wansjaliya Sections inaugurated

Question: Recently Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu inaugurated the Okha-Kanalus and Porbandar-Wansjaliya Sections in Gujarat as Green Corridor Sections (Free from human waste discharge from trains), the section belongs to which of the following Railway Zone?
(a) North Western Railway
(b) Western Railway
(c) Eastern Railway
(d) South Western Railway
Ans: (b)
Related facts:

  • On 19 October 2016; Minister of Railways Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu inaugurated Okha-Kanalus (141 Kms) and Porbandar-Wansjaliya (34 Kms) sections of Gujarat in Western Railway as the Green Train Corridors.
  • For this, 29 trains consisting of nearly 700 coaches have been provided with bio toilets.
  • It is a further move to accelerate green initiatives as also to implement Prime Minister’s Swacchh Bharat Abhiyan.
  • It should be noted that Ministry of Railways have taken up a mammoth task of providing human discharge free bio-toilets in all its coaches and the same would be completed by 2021-22.
  • Ministry of Railways has already provided around 48,000 bio-toilets in about 14,000 passenger coaches.
  • Before this Rameswaram-Manamadurai (114 Kms) section of Tamil Nadu in Southern Railway was indentified to make it a Human Waste Discharge Free Train Corridor (free from human waste discharge from trains).
  • Accordingly, 10 passenger trains consisting of 286 coaches moving over this section have been provided with bio-toilets.
  • Subsequently, Jammu-Katra (78 Kms) section of Northern Railway would also be taken up for making it free from human waste discharge from trains and the target for completion is by March 2017.


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