Edristi Current Affairs April-2017

e-dristi Current Affairs(Day to Day) Order For Print Edition Vol.-2

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SSC MTS-2017 and UPPPCS Pre-2017 FREE Online Practice Test

SSC MTS-2017 and UPPCS Pre -2017 Free Online Practice Test available on http://ssgcp.in/ . For old website go to link “Login to old website” and get your old test.

Integrated Bio-Solar-Wind Micro grid Centre and Centre for Water and Environment Research

Integrated Bio-Solar-Wind Micro grid Centre and Centre for Water and Environment Research

Question: Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology (IIEST), Shibpur is situated in …
(a) Shibpur, West Bengal
(b) Pune, Maharashtra
(c) Ranchi, Jharkhand
(d) Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh
Ans: (a)

  • On May 19, 2017, the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated a Bio-Solar-Wind Micro grid Centre and Centre for Water and Environment Research at Indian Institute of Engineering Science & Technology (IIEST), Shibpur, West Bengal.
  • IIEST is a historic institution and amongst the first few higher learning centres to be established in the country.
  • Since its existence, this premier institution has been imparting high quality education in the field of civil and mechanical engineering.
  • Integrated Bio-Solar-Wind Micro-grid centre and Centre for Water and Environment Research are crucial from the perspective of socio-economic development.
  • Sine resource sustainability and environmental protection have become pressing global issues, centres such as these are the need of the hour.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161964

Chitale Committee recommends several measures for De-siltation of Ganga

Chitale Committee recommends several measures for De-siltation of Ganga

Question: Chitale committee was constituted by …
(a) Home Ministry
(b) Finance Ministry
(c) Defence Ministry
(d) Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Ministry
Ans:(d)

  • Chitale committee on De-siltation of Ganga has recommended a variety of measures for de-siltation of the river.
  • The committee was constituted in July 2016 by the Ministry of Water Resources River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation to prepare guidelines for de-siltation of river Ganga from Bhimgauda (Uttarakhand) to Farakka (West Bengal).
  • Shri Madhav Chitale (Expert Member, NGRBA) was appointed as Chairman of the committee.
  • The committee suggests that de-siltation works can improve hydraulic performance of the river and this itself can justify undertaking de-siltation, these have no direct role in improving environment flow in the river. On the other hand, indiscriminate de-silting or sand mining would cause adverse impacts on river e-flow.
  • De-siltation along the preselected channel to deepen and attract the flow could be tried to guide the main course of flow.
  • Efforts should be made to provide silt continuity along the weirs and barrages.
  • Embankments, spurs and river training measures provided to protect the banks should not encroach upon the flood plains and delink the lakes, flood plains and other riverine environment from the river.
  • The proposed de-silting of any river reach need to be justified bringing out clearly the flooding caused due to siltation along with technical comparisons of the alternative flood mitigation measures.
  • Reservoirs in main river Ganga and its tributaries, particularly in upper reaches, should be operated in such a manner that first floods, having high silt load, are allowed to pass through without storage and river flows in later phases of the monsoon are only stored for use during non-monsoon season.
  • Agricultural practices along the river flood plains should be such that it does not disturb the passage of flood by increasing the resistance to flow causing aggradations.
  • The committee suggests that shoals formed close to Farakka Barrage may be de-silted/dredged by taking care of the river training works around it.
  • The Ganga Flood Control Commission, headed by Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation with the Chief Ministers of Ganga river basin States and Member, NITI Ayog may be entrusted with additional mandate to carry out necessary studies with regard to sediment management in river Ganga and incorporate sediment management strategies in their comprehensive plans prepared for all sub-basins of river Ganga.

Reference:
http://wrmin.nic.in/writereaddata/Ganga%20Desiltation%20Committee%20-%20Final%20Report.pdf
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161961

India ranks 24th in International Tourist Arrivals

India ranks 24th in International Tourist Arrivals

Question: What is India’s ranking in Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) 2017 released by the World Economic Forum?
(a) 40th
(b) 52nd
(c) 41st
(d) 50th
Ans: (a)

  • As per UNWTO assessment for March 2017, Rank of India in International Tourist Arrivals in both 2014 and 2015 is 24 as against the previous rank of 41 and 40 in the year 2014 and 2015, respectively.
  • As per the UNWTO definition, International Tourist Arrivals (ITA) comprises two components namely Foreign Tourist Arrivals and Arrivals of Non-Resident Nationals.
  • The UNWTO in its barometer ranks countries in terms of their ITAs. So far only the figures of FTAs were compiled in India. However, now India has started compiling the data arrivals of Non-Resident Indians (NRIs), also.
  • The number of NRI arrivals during 2014 and 2015 were 5.43 million and 5.26 million, respectively.
  • Accordingly, the numbers of ITAs in India during 2014 and 2015 were 13.11 million and 13.28 million, respectively.
  • Due to this inclusion, UNWTO has acknowledged India’s improved rank.
  • Earlier India’s rank in the Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI), 2017 had also shown a 12 places jump from 52nd in 2015 to 40th in 2016. Rank of India in TTCI Report of 2017 was 40th as compared to 52nd in 2015, 65th in 2013 and 68th in 2011.
  • It is notable that UNWTO and TTCI rankings are based on different parameters. UNWTO gives ranking in terms of numbers of ITAs whereas TTCI provides rank on 14 pillars organized into four sub-indices of ‘Enabling Environment’, ‘Travel & Trade Policy and Enabling Conditions’, ‘Infrastructure’ and ‘Natural and Cultural Resources.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=161959

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