Edristi Navatra Current Affairs September-2017

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Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report, 2017

Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report, 2017

  • A new report from UNICEF and its partners in the Inter-Agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME), Levels and Trends in Child Mortality: Report 2017, shows the full scope of child and newborn mortality across the world.
  • Over the past 25 years, the world has made significant progress in saving young children’s lives.
  • The rate of child mortality fell 62 per cent from 1990–2016, with under-five deaths dropping from 12.7 million to 5.6 million.
  • In addition to global estimates for under-five, infant and newborn mortality, the report for the first time contains estimates on mortality among children aged 5-14.
  • In 2016 alone, 7,000 newborn babies died every day. Newborn deaths made up 46 per cent of all child deaths, an increase from 41 per cent in 2000.
  • Most of these deaths are entirely preventable.
  • Prematurity, complications during labour and birth, and infections like sepsis, pneumonia, tetanus and diarrhoea are among the leading causes – all of which can be treated or prevented with simple, affordable solutions.
  • Globally, the under-five mortality rate has dropped by more than half (1990-2016), but inequities persist among and within countries.
  • Under-five mortality rate: probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.Under-five mortality rate: probability of dying between birth and exactly five years of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.
  • Newborn mortality is not decreasing as quickly as the mortality among children aged 1 to 59 months
    Neonatal mortality rate: probability of dying between birth and 28 days of age, expressed per 1,000 live births.
    Globally, the under-five mortality rate dropped to 41 (39, 44) deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016 from 93 (92, 95) in 1990 – a 56 (53, 58) per cent decline.

in Indian scenario-

  • The largest number of newborn deaths occurred in Southern Asia (39 per cent), followed by subSaharan Africa (38 per cent). Five countries accounted for half of all newborn deaths: India, Pakistan, Nigeria, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Ethiopia.
  • At the country level, half of all neonatal deaths are concentrated in fve countries, namely, India (24 per cent), Pakistan (10 per cent), Nigeria (9 per cent), the Democratic Republic of the Congo (4 per cent) and Ethiopia (3 per cent).
  • India and Pakistan alone accounted for about a third of all newborn deaths.

Reference:-
https://data.unicef.org/resources/levels-trends-child-mortality/
https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/Child_Mortality_Report_2017.pdf

Prime Minister lays Foundation Stone for infrastructure projects in Kedarnath

PM visits Kedarnath, lays Foundation Stone for infrastructure projects

  • On 20 October, 2017 the Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, visited Kedarnath.
  • He offered prayers at the Kedarnath Temple, and laid the Foundation Stone for five infrastructure and development projects.
  • These include the development of retaining wall and ghat on the Mandakini River; development of retaining wall and ghat on Saraswati River; construction of main approach to Kedarnath Temple; development of Shankaracharya Kutir and Shankaracharya Museum; and development of houses for Kedarnath Purohits.
  • The Prime Minister was briefed on the Kedarpuri Reconstruction Project.
  • Shri Narendra Modi said that the Himalayas have much to offer for spiritualism, adventure and tourism, and for the nature lover.
  • He invited everyone to come and explore the Himalayas.
  • The Governor of Uttarakhand, Dr. K.K. Paul, and Chief Minister of Uttarakhand, Shri Trivendra Singh Rawat, were present on the occasion.

Reference:-
http://www.pmindia.gov.in/en/news_updates/pm-visits-kedarnath-lays-foundation-stone-for-infrastructure-projects/?comment=disable
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=171822

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launches Piped Natural Gas (PNG) supply in Bhubaneswar

Pic-1-Union-Minister-Shri-Dharmendra-Pradhan-launches-Supply-of-PNG-in-Bhubaneswar

  • On 20th October, 2017 minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship Shri Dharmendra Pradhan launched supply of Piped Natural Gas (PNG) for the residents of Bhubaneswar.
  • With this, GAIL started supply of environment-friendly PNG to 255 houses in Nalco Nagar located at Chandrasekharpur area here.
  • The commencement of supply of natural gas is an important step towards the fulfillment of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi’s dream of developing a gas-based economy and linking Eastern India to the country’s Natural Gas Grid through the ‘Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga’, which will pass through five states, i.e. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal.
  • The longest stretch of the project – 769 kms – will be built in Odisha.
  • This pipeline will lead to industrial development of eastern India.

About GAIL (India) Limited-

  • GAIL (India) Ltd was incorporated in August 1984 as a Central Public Sector Undertaking (PSU) under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas (MoP&NG).
  • GAIL (India) Limited is India’s No. 1 Integrated Natural Gas company with a market share of over 75% in Natural Gas transmission.
  • With over 11,000 Kms of Natural gas network, GAIL supplies India’s fuel requirements across sectors like Power, Fertilizer, Industrial, automotive and even household consumers.
  • Apart from natural gas transmission, distribution and processing, the Company has diversified business interests in Petrochemicals, LPG transmission, City gas projects and Exploration and Production activities.
  • The company is committed to expand its current network to 18,000 km within 5 years.

Reference:-
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=171830

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