Edristi Current Affairs Aug 2016

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arnold-daniel-palmer-was-an-american-professional-golfer-passed-away-in-pittsburgh

Arnold Palmer

Question: Recently Arnold Palmer passed away. He was a-
(a) Golfer
(b) Cricketer
(c) Singer
(d) Dancer
Ans (a)
Related facts:

  • On 26 September 2016 Arnold Daniel Palmer was an American professional golfer passed away in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He has died at the age of 87
  • He is generally regarded as one of the greatest players in professional golf history.
  • He won more than 90 golf tournaments, including the Masters four times, the U.S. Open in 1960, and the British Open in 1961 and 1962.
  • Palmer became the first person to make $1 million playing golf.
  • Arnold Palmer, known as “the King” for his transformative legacy in golf.

Reference:
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3807098/Golfing-legend-Arnold-Palmer-died-aged-87.html
http://edition.cnn.com/2016/09/25/us/arnold-palmer-death/
http://www.nbcnews.com/news/sports/arnold-palmer-everyman-king-golf-dies-pittsburgh-87-n654161

PSLV-C35 Successfully Launches Eight Satellites into Two Different Orbits in a Single Flight

ISRO successfully launched eight satellites

Question: Recently Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched eight satellites from one rocket into two different orbits. This was-
(a) 37th Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
(b) 35th Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
(c) 34th Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
(d) 33th Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
Ans: (a)
Related facts:

  • On 26 September 2016 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) successfully launched eight satellites from one rocket into two different orbits.
  • This was one of the longest and most complex missions undertaken by ISRO.
  • The main satellite was SCATSAT-1 that will enhance the study of ocean and weather conditions.
  • The 37th Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle or PSLV took off successfully from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.
  • This Launch vehicle carried eight satellites – three from India, three from Algeria, and one each from Canada and the US.
  • The total weight of all the eight satellites carried on-board PSLV-C35 was 675 kg.
  • This launch was ISRO’s longest mission spread over two hours and fifteen minutes.
  • After a flight of 16 minutes 56 seconds, the vehicle achieved a polar Sun Synchronous Orbit of 724 km inclined at an angle of 98.1 degree to the equator (very close to the intended orbit).
    • After separation, the two solar arrays of SCATSAT-1 satellite were deployed automatically and ISRO’s Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) at Bangalore took over the control of the satellite.
  • 37 seconds later the primary satellite SCATSAT-1 was separated from the PSLV fourth stage.
  • The rocket’s main cargo was the 371 kg SCATSAT-1 for ocean and weather related studies. It is meant for weather forecasting, along with detection and tracking of cyclones.
  • The satellite will be capable of Long term imaging of the earth surface under identical illumination conditions.
  • SCATSAT-1 was accompanied by two other satellites developed by students in India.
  • Pratham, a 10-kg satellite developed by students of IIT Bombay, will study the total electron count in space.
  • The 5.25-kg PISAT made by students of Bengaluru’s PES University will take pictures of earth, with focus on India.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=151114
http://www.isro.gov.in/update/26-sep-2016/pslv-c35-successfully-launches-eight-satellites-two-different-orbits-single
http://www.ndtv.com/india-news/in-isros-longest-mission-rocket-launched-with-8-satellites-1466389
http://ddinews.gov.in/Home%20-%20Headlines/Pages/isro12.aspx
http://scroll.in/latest/817483/isro-launches-37th-polar-satellite-launch-vehicle-from-sriharikota

International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons

Question: International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons is celebrated on-
(a) 24 September
(b) 26 September
(c) 23 September
(d) 28 September
Ans: (b)
Related facts:

  • On 26 September 2016 International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons was celebrated across the world.
  • International Day for the Total Elimination of Nuclear Weapons was observed on 26 September 2016. The Day provides an occasion for the world community to reaffirm its commitment to global nuclear disarmament as a high priority.
  • It also provides an opportunity to educate the public and their leaders about the real benefits of eliminating such weapons, and the social and economic costs of perpetuating them.
  • According to UNO some 15,000 nuclear weapons remain. Countries possessing such weapons have well-funded, long-term plans to modernize their nuclear arsenals.

Reference:
http://www.un.org/en/events/nuclearweaponelimination/
http://www.unfoldzero.org/?p=action_sep26
http://www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/en/pressrels/2016/unissgsm783.html

MICA Missile Firing by 'TIGER' Squadron of IAF

MICA missile successfully tested

Question: Recently Indian Air Force, successfully fired the recently acquired long range ‘Beyond Visual Range’ MICA missile. It is a-
(a) Surface to Air Missile
(b) Air to Air Missile
(c) Air to Surface Missile
(d) Surface to Surface Mobile
Ans: (b)
Related facts:

  • On 24 September 2016 ‘Tigers’ the first squadron of Indian Air Force, successfully fired the recently acquired long range ‘Beyond Visual Range’ Air-to-Air MICA missile on a maneuverings target from Mirage-2000 Upgrade aircraft.
  • The missile achieved a Direct Hit on a target which was much smaller than an actual aircraft and flying at low altitude.
  • With the success of this mission, the IAF has become one of the few Air Forces in the world with the capability of such long range Beyond Visual Range Air-to-Air missile.

Reference:
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=151085
http://www.airforce-technology.com/news/newsiaf-test-fires-mica-multi-mission-air-to-air-missile-5015150

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