Edristi Navatra Current Affairs March-2018

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World Book and Copyright Day

Question- On April 23rd, 2018, ‘World Book and Copyright’ Day was celebrated all over the world. Which city has been chosen as World Book Capital this year?
(a) Incheon
(b) Conakry
(c) Shanghai
(d) Athens
Answer: (d) 
Related Facts:

  • On 23rd April 2018, World Book and Copyright Day was observed across the world.
  • The aim is to make books accessible to the city’s entire population, including migrants and refugees.
  • Each year, UNESCO and the international organizations representing the three major sectors of the book industry – publishers, booksellers and libraries, select the World Book Capital for a one-year period, effective 23 April each year.
  • The city of Athens was chosen for the quality of its activities, supported by the entire book industry.
  • The aim is to make books accessible to the city’s entire population, including migrants and refugees.
  • 23 April is a symbolic date for world literature. It is on this date in 1616 that Cervantes, Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega all died.

Reference:                         
http://www.un.org/en/events/bookday/

World earth day-2018

Question- On April 22nd, 2018, ‘World Earth Day’ was celebrated all over the world. For year 2018 the main theme of this day was –
(a) Water for Earth
(b) Tree for Earth
(c) Environment and Climate Literacy
(d) End plastic pollution
Answer: (d) 
Related Fact: 

  • On 22nd April, 2018, ‘World Earth Day’ was celebrated all over the world.
  • ‘World Earth Day’ is also celebrated as ‘International Mother Earth Day’.
  • In the year 2018, the theme of this day was ‘End Plastic Pollution’.
  • The General Assembly, in order to achieve a just balance among the economic, social, and environmental needs of present and future generations, to promote harmony with nature and the Earth, and noting that Earth Day is observed each year in many countries, decided to designate 22 April as International Mother Earth Day through resolution A/RES/63/278, adopted in 2009.
  • The 1972 UN Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm marked the beginning of a global awareness of the interdependence between people, other living species and our planet.
  • United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 3 to 14 June 1992.
  • In 2005, the General Assembly declared 2008 as the International Year of Planet Earth, convinced that education in Earth sciences provide humankind with tools for the sustainable use of natural resources and for building the scientific infrastructure essential for sustainable development.
  • In 2012, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development – or Rio+20 – took place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It resulted in a focused political outcome document which contains clear and practical measures for implementing sustainable development.
  • In Rio, Member States decided to launch a process to develop a set of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which will build upon the Millennium Development Goals and converge with the post 2015 development agenda.
  • It is worth noting that in the year 2020, 50th anniversary of World Earth Day will be celebrated.
  • Under which the attitude of change for Earth’s security will be given a realistic appearance.

Reference:                         
https://www.earthday.org/
http://www.un.org/en/events/motherearthday/index.shtml
https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/earth-day-2018-date-theme-and-importance-1840814

Meeting of G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors

Question:  Where was the meeting of the G-20 Finance Ministers and Governors of Central Bank held from April 19th-20th, 2018?
(a) Paris
(b) New York
(c) Washington D.C.
(d) Geneva
Answer: (c) 
Related Facts: 

  • On April 19th-20th, 2018, second G20 Meeting of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors with the objective of advancing on public policymaking, global economic leaders convened in Washington.
  • The first meeting was held in Buenos Aires on 19th-20th March 2018.
  • In this meeting, the Ministry of Finance of the Government of India is represented by Secretary of the Department of Economic Affairs Subhash Chandra Garg.
  • Taking place at the headquarters of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the meeting’s 55 delegation leaders include 22 finance ministers, 18 central bank governors and eight international organization leaders.
  • The two-day agenda, which begins tonight with a working dinner and continues with morning sessions tomorrow, will focus on the future work and the global situation, including the potential risks and hidden financial vulnerabilities of the global economy.
  • Apart from this, and on April 19th, 2018, during the spring meeting of the IMF and World Bank, the first meetings of the Finance Ministers of the BRICS countries and the governors of the central bank were held separately.
  • During this time BRICS Bond Fund related issues were discussed along with the BRICS Casual Reserve System (CRA).
  • It is noteworthy that the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank’s Spring Meetings is organized between Washington, DC, 16th-22nd April, 2018.

Reference:                         
https://www.g20.org/en/press/press-kit/press-releases/world-economic-leaders-discuss-current-economic-outlook
https://www.g20.org/en/press/press-kit/press-releases/g20-and-b20-agree-need-finance-infrastructure-projects
https://www.g20.org/en/press/press-kit/press-releases/consensus-positive-outlook-global-economic-growth
http://www.imf.org/external/Spring/2018/index.htm
http://pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=178803

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